Charlotte D'Mello

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In inflammatory diseases occurring outside the CNS, communication between the periphery and the brain via humoral and/or neural routes results in central neural changes and associated behavioral alterations. We have recently identified another immune-to-CNS communication pathway in the setting of organ-centered peripheral inflammation: namely, the entrance(More)
Signaling occurs between the liver and brain in cholestatic liver disease, giving rise to sickness behaviors such as fatigue. However, the signaling pathways involved are poorly defined. Circulating inflammatory mediator levels are increased in cholestasis, leading to speculation that they may be capable of activating circulating immune cells that(More)
Chronic inflammatory liver diseases are often accompanied by behavior alterations including fatigue, mood disorders, cognitive dysfunction and sleep disturbances. These altered behaviors can adversely affect patient quality of life. The communication pathways between the inflamed liver and the brain that mediate changes in central neural activity leading to(More)
UNLABELLED Patients with systemic inflammatory diseases (e.g., rheumatoid arthritis, inflammatory bowel disease, chronic liver disease) commonly develop debilitating symptoms (i.e., sickness behaviors) that arise from changes in brain function. The microbiota-gut-brain axis alters brain function and probiotic ingestion can influence behavior. However, how(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Cholestasis is associated with naloxone reversible antinociception and opiate receptor antagonists are used clinically to treat pruritus. Pain and pruritus are closely interrelated and opioids modulate both sensations. Therefore, we undertook a series of experiments to characterize opioid-mediated antinociception in cholestasis and determine(More)
Sickness behaviors, such as fatigue, mood alterations, and cognitive dysfunction, which result from changes in central neurotransmission, are prevalent in systemic inflammatory diseases and greatly impact patient quality of life. Although, microglia (resident cerebral immune cells) and cytokines (e.g., TNFα) are associated with changes in central(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Cholestatic liver diseases are commonly accompanied by debilitating symptoms, collectively termed sickness behaviours. Regulatory T cells (T(regs)) can suppress inflammation; however, a role for T(regs) in modulating sickness behaviours has not been evaluated. METHODS A mouse model of cholestatic liver injury due to bile duct ligation(More)
It is becoming increasingly evident that peripheral organ-centered inflammatory diseases, including chronic inflammatory liver diseases, are associated with changes in central neural transmission that result in alterations in behavior. These behavioral changes include sickness behaviors, such as fatigue, cognitive dysfunction, mood disorders, and sleep(More)
A growing body of evidence now highlights a key role for inflammation in mediating sickness behaviors and depression. Systemic inflammatory diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis, inflammatory bowel disease, and chronic liver disease have high comorbidity with depression. How the periphery communicates with the brain to mediate changes in neurotransmission(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Cirrhosis is associated with blunted cardiovascular response to stimuli such as hemorrhage, but the mechanism remains unclear. We aimed to clarify the role of endocannabinoids in blunted hemorrhage response in cirrhotic rats. METHODS Cirrhosis was induced by bile duct ligation (BDL). Hemodynamics were measured. Cannabinoid receptor-1(More)