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The complete surface glycoprotein (SU) nucleotide sequences of three French isolates of caprine arthritis-encephalitis virus (CAEV) were determined and compared with those of previously described isolates: three American isolates and one French isolate. Phylogenetic analyses revealed the existence of four distinct and roughly equidistant evolutionary CAEV(More)
Perinatal leptin impairment has long-term consequences on energy homeostasis leading to body weight gain. The underlying mechanisms are still not clearly established. We aimed to analyze the long-term effects of early leptin blockade. In this study, newborn rats received daily injection of a pegylated rat leptin antagonist (pRLA) or saline from day 2 (d2)(More)
The full extent of genetic diversity among small ruminant lentiviruses (SRLVs), i.e., caprine arthritis encephalitis viruses (CAEVs) and maedi-visna viruses (MVVs), remains unknown. This is due in part to the fact that few sequences of CAEV are available. To contribute to this knowledge, gag, pol, and env nucleotide sequences from an SRLV named CA680(More)
Shedding of caprine arthritis encephalitis virus (CAEV) was assessed in semen and blood mononuclear cells of six bucks (four boers and two saanens) experimentally contaminated with a viral strain (CAEV Cork) and on three non-infected controls. CAEV was identified by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) in blood mononuclear cells of all infected animals but only(More)
The efficacy of pyrantel tartrate was evaluated in goats against induced infections with Haemonchus contortus, Teladorsagia circumcincta and Trichostrongylus colubriformis. All the strains were of sheep origin and tested for susceptibility to pyrantel tartrate in sheep at the standard dose rate (20 mg kg-1) prior to the infection of goats. Fifteen French(More)
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) modulate gene expression in male germ cells and somatic tissues of mammals on a genome-wide scale. Hundreds of miRNAs are encoded by mammalian genomes, a large fraction of which is expressed in brain. Here we have investigated the complexity and dynamics of miRNA transcriptomes that associate with neuronal network maturation of(More)
AIMS The activity of two essential oils (EOs) of Cinnamosma fragrans, an endemic plant to Madagascar (B8: linalool-type and B143: 1,8-cineole-type), against bacterial isolates from a shrimp hatchery of Penaeus monodon and their effects on the survival and bacterial concentration of larvae were determined. METHODS AND RESULTS Minimum inhibitory(More)
The aim of this study was to assess the serum bactericidal activity (SBA) of levofloxacin compared with that of ofloxacin against methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) isolates. Serum from 10 healthy volunteers (seven females, three males) was collected after a single oral dose of either levofloxacin (500 mg) or ofloxacin (400 mg). Subjects(More)
BACKGROUND Pre-therapeutic pathological diagnosis is a crucial step of the management of pulmonary nodules suspected of being non small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), especially in the frame of currently implemented lung cancer screening programs in high-risk patients. Based on a human ex vivo model, we hypothesized that an embedded device measuring endogenous(More)