Charlotte Beltramo

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The tolerance of the lactic acid bacterium Oenococcus oeni to hostile wine conditions is essential for the success of malolactic fermentation (MLF). In this study, reverse transcription quantitative PCR (RT-qPCR) was used to quantify the transcript level of 13 genes that could play a role in adaptation of O. oeni in wine. To optimize survival and growth in(More)
The expression gene pattern reflects, in part, mechanisms involved in adaptation to environmental conditions. Thus, we established and validated a method that enables relative transcript quantification in different conditions in the lactic acid bacteria Oenococcus oeni, notably in a technological medium. First, we determined an internal control in our(More)
Although many stress response genes have been characterized in Oenococcus oeni, little is known about the regulation of stress response in this malolactic bacterium. The expression of eubacterial stress genes is controlled both positively and negatively at the transcriptional level. Overall, negative regulation of heat shock genes appears to be more(More)
BACKGROUND The population structure and diversity of Lactococcus lactis subsp. lactis, a major industrial bacterium involved in milk fermentation, was determined at both gene and genome level. Seventy-six lactococcal isolates of various origins were studied by different genotyping methods and thirty-six strains displaying unique macrorestriction(More)
A locus containing the clpP and clpL genes in the lactic acid bacterium Oenococcus oeni was studied. Real-time reverse transcription-PCR analysis revealed different induction factors involved in expression of these genes during stress. According to the conditions, clpP and clpL genes could be transcripted as two distinct transcripts or cotranscripted. The(More)
Despite the large number of techniques available for the transformation of bacteria, several species are still resistant to the introduction of foreign DNA. Oenococcus oeni are among the organisms that are particularly refractory to transformation. However, conjugal experiments from Lactococcus lactis to O. oeni with a new plasmid, pGID052, were performed(More)
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