Charlotte A. Smith

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The inner ears of 35 adult chickens were studied by TEM, SEM and light microscopy. Two well differentiated hair cell/nerve ending units were present: tall hair cells with small vesiculated nerve endings were located on the attached part of the basilar membrane; short hair cells with large vesiculated nerve endings were located on the free basilar membrane(More)
The efferent crossed olivocochlear bundle (COCB) was transected in the brain stem of the chinchilla, and the animals sacrificed 7 to 96 days later. Electron microscopy revealed that all the large efferent nerve endings on outer hair cells in the basalmost 2 mm (round window region) of the cochlea had degenerated, 87.5% in the remainder of the first turn,(More)
Objective: Wound repair is a complex integration of dynamic processes mediated by humeral messages controlling the levels of cytokines, growth factors, and matrix met-alloproteinases in the wound space. Isolated growth factors and growth factor combinations have been used to accelerate wound healing with limited success. A cellular cytokine solution can be(More)
The avian tectorial membrane is a thick massive-appearing structure permeated by cavities, which probably facilitate the diffusion of endolymph. As revealed by scanning and transmission electron microscopy, the cavities are arranged in a characteristic honeycomb-like pattern and each hair bundle is enclosed in an alveolus. The open ends of the alveoli show(More)
Nerve fibers with distinctive branching patterns have been demonstrated in guinea pigs by use of the Golgi stain. The cochlear nerve fibers in the basal turn tend to supply a limited segment of the basilar membrane and have most endings on a single row of hair cells. The efferent olivocochlear nerve fibers ramify in a manner which varies from base to apex.(More)
Previous work has demonstrated that normal-hearing individuals use fine-grained phonetic variation, such as formant movement and duration, when recognizing English vowels. The present study investigated whether these cues are used by adult postlingually deafened cochlear implant users, and normal-hearing individuals listening to noise-vocoder simulations of(More)
OBJECTIVE Acute wound failure is a common complication following surgical procedures and trauma. Laparotomy wound failure leads to abdominal dehiscence and incisional hernia formation. Delayed recovery of wound-breaking strength is one mechanism for laparotomy wound failure. Early fascial wounds are relatively acellular, and there is a delay in the(More)
OBJECTIVE Growth factors demonstrate mixed results improving wound healing. Amnion-derived multipotent cells release physiologic levels of growth factors and tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinases. This solution was tested in models of acute and chronic wound healing. METHODS Acute model: Sprague-Dawley rats underwent laparotomy incisions. The midline(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to determine whether amnion-derived cellular cytokine solution (ACCS) could improve the quality of epithelialization and accelerate closure of dermatome-created partial-thickness wounds in normal and streptozotocin-induced diabetic pigs. METHODS Dermatome-created partial-thickness wounds were sealed with wound(More)
UNLABELLED Meshed, split-thickness skin grafts, especially when required to be widely spread, do not obtain immediate biologic closure. In patients with burns that cover a large percentage of the body surface area, this leaves the patient at risk for metabolic problems and life-threatening infection. OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to determine(More)