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Activity patterns were recorded from 51 motoneurons in the fifth lumbar ventral root of cats walking on a motorized treadmill at a range of speeds between 0.1 and 1.3 m/s. The muscle of destination of recorded motoneurons was identified by spike-triggered averaging of EMG recordings from each of the anterior thigh muscles. Forty-three motoneurons projected(More)
The cat hindlimb contains several long, biarticular strap muscles composed of parallel muscle fascicles that attach to short tendons. Three of these muscles--sartorius, tenuissimus, and semitendinosus--were studied by dissecting individual gold-stained fibers and determining the surface distribution of acetylcholinesterase-stained end-plate zones. In each(More)
Fine flexible wire microelectrodes chronically implanted in the fifth lumbar ventral root (L5 VR) of 17 cats rendered stable records of the natural discharge patterns of 164 individual axons during locomotion on a treadmill. Fifty-one out of 164 axons were identified as motoneurons projecting to the anterior thigh muscle group. For these axons, the(More)
Similarities between the muscle synergies associated with the flexion reflex and locomotion in reduced preparations have suggested that spinal circuits subserving these two motor tasks might share common interneurons. To test this hypothesis in functionally complex muscles, we studied the interaction between low-threshold cutaneous afferents and the(More)
It is commonly assumed that the motor units comprising a single mammalian muscle will be recruited asynchronously at subtetanic firing rates to produce smoothly modulated force output. However, electromyograms from certain neck muscles, recorded by implanted bipolar "patch" electrodes having large contacts, often exhibited a rhythmic clustering of spike(More)
The conduction velocity of peripheral neurons recorded by wire microelectrodes implanted in intact, freely moving cats was determined on-line using the technique of spike-triggered averaging of nerve cuff electrode records described here. Axonal velocity was estimated from the conduction latency between two adjacent sets of tripolar recording electrodes(More)
Long-term recording from single lumbar motoneurons of intact cats revealed activation patterns fundamentally different from those seen in decerebrate preparations. In intact cats, motoneuron bursts showed marked rate modulation without initial doublets. Each unit's frequencygram generally resembled the envelope of the gross electromyogram simultaneously(More)
The naturally occurring activity patterns of anterior thigh muscle spindle afferents were recorded during unrestrained treadmill locomotion by means of floating microelectrodes chronically implanted in the fifth lumbar dorsal root ganglion. Conduction velocity of units from primary and secondary endings was determined by spike-triggered averaging of the(More)
The cat sartorius (SA) can be divided functionally into an anterior (SAa), knee extensor portion and a medial (SAm), knee flexor portion; it can be further subdivided anatomically by multiple nerve branches into parallel longitudinal columns that terminate in a distributed insertion at the knee with a continuous range of moment arms. Thus, SA may be(More)
Several cat hindlimb muscles that exhibit differential activation (activity that is restricted to a specific region of muscle) during natural movements were studied to determine the possible roles of 1) non-uniform distribution of histochemically-identified muscle fiber-types (semitendinosus, ST; tibialis anterior, TA) or 2) mechanical heterogeneity (biceps(More)