Charlotte A. Maltin

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Meat quality is a term used to describe a range of attributes of meat. Consumer research suggests that tenderness is a very important element of eating quality and that variations in tenderness affect the decision to repurchase. The present paper highlights recent information on the factors that affect tenderness. While the precise aetiology is not fully(More)
The presynaptically active, toxic phospholipases known as notexin and taipoxin are principal components of the venom of the Australian tiger snake and the Australian taipan respectively. The inoculation of the toxins into one hind limb of rats caused, within 1 h, the depletion of transmitter from the motor nerve terminals of the soleus muscle. This was(More)
The effects of in vitro culture systems for sheep zygotes on subsequent fetal growth and development to day 61 and day 125 of gestation were studied. Zygotes recovered from superovulated Scottish Blackface ewes approximately 36 h after intrauterine insemination using semen from a single Suffolk sire were cultured for 5 days in (a) a granulosa cell(More)
The effect of exposing Day 3 ovine embryos to an advanced uterine environment for a period of 3 days on subsequent fetal growth and development between Day 35 and Day 135 of gestation was studied. Day 3 embryos were recovered from superovulated donor ewes and transferred to synchronous final or asynchronous temporary recipients for 3 days. Embryos were(More)
There are few data available that describe the changes in fiber-type profiles with age in a range of muscles; thus fiber-type profiles and areas were determined in nine muscles of female rats from weaning to 1 yr. The results not only demonstrated the difference in fiber-type composition, size, and hence functional area in the various muscles examined but(More)
The objective of these studies was to evaluate human insulin gene expression following intramuscular plasmid injection in non-diabetic rats as a potential approach to gene therapy for diabetes mellitus avoiding the need for immunosuppression. A wild-type human preproinsulin construct and a mutant construct in which PC2/PC3 sites were engineered to form(More)
The Meat and Livestock Commission's (MLC) EUROP classification based scheme and Video Image Analysis (VIA) system were compared in their ability to predict weights of primal carcass joints. A total of 443 commercial lamb carcasses under 12 months of age and mixed gender were selected by their cold carcass weight (CCW), conformation and fat scores. Lamb(More)
The effect of dietary administration of clenbuterol on soleus and extensor digitorum longus muscles was studied after 4 and 21 days. Both muscles showed an increase in wet weight with no significant change in total fibre number. After 4 days fibre cross-sectional areas were increased in soleus, but not in extensor digitorum longus, and after 21 days there(More)
1 The crude venom of the Australian taipan. Oxyuranus scutellatus and its principal neurotoxin, taipoxin, were injected into the anterolateral aspect of one hind limb of the rat. 2 The effects of the venom and toxin on the morphology and physiology on the underlying soleus muscles were examined. 3 Both the crude venom and the toxin caused necrosis and(More)
1. The sympathomimetic agent clenbuterol has a muscle-specific anabolic effect in normal and wasted muscles from animals. This trial was designed to examine the effect of the drug on the recovery of muscle strength and area after open medial meniscectomy. 2. A double-blind, completely randomized, placebo-controlled study was carried out on 20 healthy male(More)