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Professional phagocytes increase their consumption of molecular oxygen during the phagocytosis of microbes or when encountering a variety of nonparticulate stimuli. In these circumstances, oxygen is reduced by the phagocyte NADPH oxidase, and reactive oxygen species (ROS), which are important for the microbicidal activity of the cells, are generated. The(More)
The N-terminal part of the calcium-regulated and phospholipid-binding protein annexin AI contains peptide sequences with pro- and anti-inflammatory activities. We have earlier shown that a proinflammatory signal triggered by one of these peptides, Gln(9)-Lys(25), is mediated by FPR1, a member of the formyl peptide receptor family expressed in human(More)
We have earlier shown that an N-terminal truncated annexin I molecule, annexin I(des1-8), is generated in human neutrophils through cleavage by a membrane localized metalloprotease. The truncated protein showed differences in membrane binding among the neutrophil granule populations as compared to full-length annexin I. In this study, we investigated the(More)
Truncation of the N-terminal part of the calcium-regulated and phospholipid-binding protein annexin AI has been shown to change the functional properties of the protein and to generate immunoregulatory peptides. Proinflammatory as well as anti-inflammatory signals are triggered by these peptides, and the two formyl peptide receptor (FPR) family members(More)
Reactive oxygen species (ROS) are formed by myeloid cells as a defense strategy against microorganisms. ROS however also trigger poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase 1- (PARP-1) dependent cell death (parthanatos) in adjacent lymphocytes, which has been forwarded as a mechanism of immune escape in several forms of cancer. The present study assessed the role of(More)
The formylpeptide receptor family members FPR and FPRL1, expressed in myeloid phagocytes, belong to the G-protein coupled seven transmembrane receptor family (GPCRs). They share a high degree of sequence similarity, particularly in the cytoplasmic domains involved in intracellular signaling. The established model of cell activation through GPCRs states that(More)
A truncated form of annexin I, formed during Ca2+-induced translocation to neutrophil specific granules and secretory vesicles/plasma membranes, is generated through the action of an endogenous membrane protease. The cleavage of annexin I is inhibited by the metalloprotease inhibitor 1,10-phenanthroline as well as by Triton X-100 and dithiothreitol,(More)
In an earlier study, annexin XI was found to be present in the cytosol of neutrophil granulocytes (Blood (1996) 87, 4817). The protein was isolated by calcium-dependent translocation to specific granules and was found to be a 42-kDa truncated form of annexin XI. Using human autoantibodies directed against annexin XI we have now reinvestigated the ability of(More)
This study investigated the relationship between the formation of NADPH oxidase-dependent oxygen radicals in peripheral blood leukocytes ('respiratory burst') and disease severity in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS). Oxygen radical production was induced by formyl-Met-Leu-Phe (fMLF), Trp-Lys-Tyr-Met-Val-Met-NH2 (WKYMVM) or phorbol myristate acetate(More)