Charlott Mattes

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The ability of human plasma butyrylcholinesterase (BChE) to detoxify cocaine in vivo was evaluated. Intravenous administration of BChE, at doses sufficient to increase the plasma levels of the enzyme as much as 800-fold, produced no adverse effects on the cardiovascular, autonomic, or central nervous systems of rats. Most of the enzyme could be recovered in(More)
The most common complications of cocaine ingestion are on the cardiovascular and central nervous systems and produce chest pain and generalized seizures. In humans, decreased levels of butyrylcholinesterase (BChE) (EC have been associated with sustained effects of cocaine and life-threatening complications. Administration of purified human BChE has(More)
Cocaine-associated toxicity is the result of effects on the cardiovascular and central nervous systems. Since the primary route of cocaine inactivation is enzymatic degradation by butyrylcholinesterase (BChE), we sought to determine if the administration of purified human enzyme would ameliorate the lethal effects of cocaine. While the cardiovascular,(More)
Abstract Alveolar fluid clearance is driven by vectorial Na(+) transport and promotes postnatal lung adaptation. The effect of insulin on alveolar epithelial Na(+) transport was studied in isolated alveolar cells from 18-19-day gestational age rat fetuses. Equivalent short-circuit currents (ISC) were measured in Ussing chambers and different kinase(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine whether over-expression of nitric oxide synthase (NOS) in the corpus cavernosum of the penis improves erectile function, as NO is an important transmitter for genitourinary tract function, mediating smooth muscle relaxation and being essential for penile erection. MATERIALS AND METHODS The inducible form of the enzyme NOS (iNOS) was(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Nitric oxide (NO) has been recognized as an important transmitter for genitourinary tract function. This transmitter mediates smooth muscle relaxation and is essential for erection. The objective of our research was to determine whether overexpression of nitric oxide synthase (NOS) in the corpus cavernosum of the penis would correct(More)
The purpose of this study is to explore the feasibility of myoblasts, the precursors of muscle fibers, injected periurethrally as a potential treatment of stress urinary incontinence. We also studied myoblast injection into the bladder wall to potentially improve detrusor contractility. A myoblast cell line was transduced with adenovirus carrying the(More)
In humans, the plasma enzyme, butyrylcholinesterase (E.C., metabolizes cocaine to the water-soluble, pharmacologically inactive compounds, ecgonine methylester and benzoic acid. Homogeneous enzyme was purified from human plasma and used to determine the enzyme kinetic parameters of Km and Vmax with cocaine as the substrate. The KM (11.9 microM)(More)
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