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4.1 Proteins are a family of multifunctional cytoskeletal components (4.1R, 4.1G, 4.1N and 4.1B) derived from four related genes, each of which is expressed in the nervous system. Using subcellular fractionation, we have investigated the possibility that 4.1 proteins are components of forebrain postsynaptic densities, cellular compartments enriched in(More)
It is established that variations in the structure and activities of betaI spectrin are mediated by differential mRNA splicing. The two betaI spectrin splice forms so far identified have either long or short C-terminal regions. Are analogous mechanisms likely to mediate regulation of betaII spectrins? Thus far, only a long form of betaII spectrin is(More)
An important aspect of the function of the membrane-associated cytoskeleton has been suggested to be to trap and retain selected transmembrane proteins at points on the cell surface specified by cell adhesion molecules. In the process, cell adhesion molecules are cross-linked to each other, and so junctional complexes are strengthened. In this short review,(More)
At the C-terminus of all known 4.1 proteins is a sequence domain unique to these proteins, known as the C-terminal domain (CTD). Mammalian CTDs are associated with a growing number of protein-protein interactions, although such activities have yet to be associated with invertebrate CTDs. Mammalian CTDs are generally defined by sequence alignment as encoded(More)
Two separate cell lines originating from distinct metastatic deposits in a patient with a primary colonic carcinoma have been established both in vivo and in vitro. One metastasis, OM-1, was found in the omentum, and the other, HOT-3, was located on the ovary. These two metastases differ in several significant characteristics, including growth kinetics and(More)
Students entering a new field must learn to speak the specialized language of that field. Previous research using automated measures of word overlap has found that students who modify their language to align more closely to a tutor's language show larger overall learning gains. We present an alternative approach that assesses syntactic as well as lexical(More)
Acknowledgments Valuable contributions to the Project NetWork waiver analysis have come from many sources. We wish to particularly acknowledge the two government project officers for the study: Leo McManus and Kalman Rupp of the Social Security Administration. Without their intellectual guidance, overall support, and insightful feedback our task would have(More)