Charlie O. Starnes

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We have identified a cytokine of the IL-6 family and named it novel neurotrophin-1/B cell-stimulating factor-3 (NNT-1/BSF-3). NNT-1/BSF-3 cDNA was cloned from activated Jurkat human T cell lymphoma cells. Its sequence predicts a 225-aa protein with a 27-aa signal peptide, a molecular mass of 22 kDa in mature form, and the highest homology to cardiotrophin-1(More)
As far back as the 1700s, it was recorded that certain infectious disease processes could exert a beneficial therapeutic effect upon malignancy. Most prominent among the numerous deliberate efforts made to take advantage of these observations was that of a pioneering New York surgeon, William B. Coley, active career 1891-1936. Using a bacterial vaccine to(More)
Keratinocyte growth factor (KGF) stimulates the proliferation and differentiation of epithelial cells including those of the gastrointestinal tract. Although chemotherapeutics and radiation exposure kill rapidly proliferating tumor cells, rapidly dividing normal cells of the host's gastrointestinal tract are also frequently damaged, leading to the clinical(More)
The growth of solid tumors is dependent on the continued stimulation of endothelial cell proliferation and migration resulting in angiogenesis. The angiogenic process is controlled by a variety of factors of which the vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) pathway and its receptors play a pivotal role. Small-molecule inhibitors of VEGF receptors (VEGFR)(More)
The growth and development of hair follicles is influenced by a number of different growth factors and cytokines, particularly members of the fibroblast growth factor (FGF) family. Keratinocyte growth factor (KGF or FGF-7) is a recently identified 28-kd member of the FGF family that induces proliferation of a wide variety of epithelial cells, including(More)
Non–small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is categorized into various histologic subtypes that play an important role in prognosis and treatment outcome. We investigated the antitumor activity of motesanib, a selective antagonist of vascular endothelial growth factor receptors (VEGFR) 1, 2, and 3, platelet-derived growth factor receptor, and Kit, alone and(More)
Osteoprotegerin (OPG), a novel, secreted tumor necrosis factor receptor family member that inhibits osteoclast formation and activity was examined for its activity in a syngeneic tumor model of humoral hypercalcemia of malignancy. Normal mice bearing Colon-26 tumors develop increases in both parathyroid hormone-related protein (PTHrP) expression and plasma(More)
Evidence is presented that sesquiterpene lactones or ketones containing the O=CC=CH2 moiety, e.g., tenulin and helenalin, alkylate the thiol group of reduced glutathione and L-cysteine in vitro. A proposal is offered that this mechanism of action is responsible for the observed potent in vivo antitumor activity of these agents in the Ehrlich ascites and(More)
Helenalin and tenulin injected into CF1 male mice bearing Ehrlich ascites tumors inhibit DNA synthesis and DNA polymerase enzymatic activity in the tumor cells. Helenalin inhibited protein synthesis. Both drugs increased the concentration of adenosine 3',5'-monophosphate, and interfered with glycolytic and mitochondrial energy processes. Cholesterol(More)