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BACKGROUND Pulmonary arteriovenous malformations are abnormal direct connections between the pulmonary artery and pulmonary vein which result in a right-to-left shunt. They are associated with substantial morbidity and mortality mainly from the effects of paradoxical emboli. Potential complications include stroke, cerebral abscess, pulmonary haemorrhage and(More)
Murine noroviruses (MNV) comprise a group of newly recognized pathogens infecting laboratory mice. The first reported murine norovirus, murine norovirus 1 (MNV-1), produces a transient infection with a short duration of fecal shedding after infection of immunocompetent laboratory mice. Our laboratory subsequently isolated three novel murine noroviruses,(More)
Pontine tegmental cap dysplasia (PTCD) is recently recognized as a rare congenital brain stem malformation with typical neuroimaging hallmarks of ventral pontine hypoplasia and vaulted pontine tegmentum projecting into the fourth ventricle. PTCD patients also demonstrate variable cranial neuropathy with predilection for involvement of the vestibulocochlear(More)
Human noroviruses are significant emerging pathogens, causing the majority of non-bacterial gastroenteritis outbreaks worldwide. The recent discovery of 30 murine norovirus strains is beginning to facilitate a detailed investigation of norovirus pathogenesis. Here, we have performed an in vivo comparative analysis of two murine norovirus strains, MNV-1 and(More)
PURPOSE To investigate magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings of central nervous system (CNS) infection with Burkholderia pseudomallei. METHODS Retrospective analysis of 10 patients (5 male and 5 female, age range from 13 to 69 years) with CNS melioidosis confirmed on culture of blood, sputum, cerebrospinal fluid, brain biopsy, and postmortem brain(More)
According to serologic testing, murine norovirus is the most prevalent viral pathogen in contemporary laboratory mice. Previously, murine norovirus 1 (MNV-1) was the only norovirus reported to infect research mice. In this study, 3 novel murine norovirus strains--MNV-2, MNV-3, and MNV-4--were isolated from geographically separate mouse research colonies.(More)
Murine norovirus 1 (MNV-1) is a newly recognized pathogen of mice that causes lethal infection in mice deficient in components of the innate immune response but not in wild-type 129 mice. In this study, in vitro-propagated MNV-1 was used as antigen to develop a multiplexed fluorescent immunoassay (MFI) to detect antibodies to MNV-1 in infected mice. The(More)
We present a case of Listeria monocytogenes cerebral abscess with axonal spread via the subcortical U-fibres and extreme capsule on magnetic resonance imaging, with follow-up studies demonstrating serial reduction in oedema and enhancement pattern of the white-matter fibre tracts following antimicrobial treatment. We discuss the microbiological mechanism of(More)
BACKGROUND During thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm (TAAA) surgery, decreased spinal cord perfusion can result in neurological deficits such as paraplegia and paraparesis. Distal aortic perfusion, alone or in combination with other adjuncts, may counter the decrease in spinal cord perfusion and hence reduce the risk of spinal cord injury. OBJECTIVES To(More)
Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) rhinorrhea is a rare complication of ethmoid sinus osteoma, considering its benign and indolent nature. We present a 36-year-old female patient with symptomatic CSF rhinorrhea as a primary presentation of ethmoid sinus osteoma. We have highlighted the imaging features and emphasised the importance of imaging in the diagnosis of(More)