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Cytokines are important in adult hematopoiesis, yet their function in embryonic hematopoiesis has been largely unexplored. During development, hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) are found in the aorta-gonad-mesonephros (AGM) region, yolk sac (YS), and placenta and require the Runx1 transcription factor for their normal generation. Since IL-3 is a Runx1 target(More)
Hematopoietic stem cell (HSC) self-renewal and differentiation is regulated by cellular and molecular interactions with the surrounding microenvironment. During ontogeny, the aorta-gonad-mesonephros (AGM) region autonomously generates the first HSCs and serves as the first HSC-supportive microenvironment. Because the molecular identity of the AGM(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES The characterization of stem cell microenvironments throughout ontogeny is of fundamental interest in the field of stem cell biology. Within the adult blood system, hematopoietic stem cells (HSC) are supported in the osteoblastic and endothelial bone marrow microenvironments. During mouse mid-gestation, the first HSC emerge(More)
The molecular signals driving tendon development are not fully identified. We have undertaken a transcriptome analysis of mouse limb tendon cells that were isolated at different stages of development based on scleraxis (Scx) expression. Microarray comparisons allowed us to establish a list of genes regulated in tendon cells during mouse limb development.(More)
Despite progress in identifying the cellular composition of hematopoietic stem/progenitor cell (HSPC) niches, little is known about the molecular requirements of HSPC support. To address this issue, we used a panel of six recognized HSPC-supportive stromal lines and less-supportive counterparts originating from embryonic and adult hematopoietic sites.(More)
During mouse ontogeny, the first adult-type hematopoietic stem cells (HSC) are autonomously generated at mid-gestation in the AGM (Aorta-Gonad-Mesonephros) region. Successively present in different anatomical sites where they will expand, HSCs will finally colonize the bone marrow (BM) where they will reside during the entire adult life. In the bone marrow,(More)
We have reported previously the presence of two T cell receptor beta-chain constant region (Cbeta) isotypes in the Mexican axolotl. Specific Dbeta and Jbeta segments were present at the Vbeta-Cbeta1 and Vbeta-Cbeta2 junctions and nine Vbeta families which associate with both isotypes were characterized. This report describes two new Cbeta isotypes, Cbeta3(More)
The embryonic dorsal aorta plays a pivotal role in the production of the first hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs), the founders of the adult hematopoietic system. HSC production is polarized by being restricted to the aortic floor where a specialized subset of endothelial cells (ECs) endowed with hemogenic properties undergo an endothelial-to-hematopoietic(More)
Hematopoietic stem cells (HSC) are at the foundation of the adult hematopoietic system. HSC give rise to all blood cells through a complex series of proliferation and differentiation events that occur throughout the lifespan of the individual. Because of their clinical importance in transplantation protocols, recent research has focused on the developmental(More)