Charles William Ian Douglas

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Certain species of oral streptococci bind salivary amylase to their cell surface. The patterns of amylase-binding proteins produced by a range of streptococci have been compared by ligand blotting and several characteristics of the binding proteins investigated. Streptococcus gordonii was the most homogeneous species and almost all strains produced proteins(More)
The oral streptococci have undergone considerable taxonomic revision in recent years but there is still little information concerning associations between the newly defined species and disease. This study examined the identities of 47 strains of oral streptococci collected from 42 confirmed cases of infective endocarditis. By means of recently described(More)
AIMS To characterize the antimicrobial activity produced by Prevotella nigrescens ATCC 25261, and to evaluate its safety on cultured gingival fibroblasts. METHODS AND RESULTS An antimicrobial activity was obtained from purifying the culture supernatant of Pr. nigrescens ATCC 25261. Purification of the active compound was achieved with ammonium sulphate(More)
Garlic (Allium sativum) has long been known to have antibacterial, antifungal and antiviral properties but there are few data on its effects against oral bacterial species particularly putative periodontal pathogens or their enzymes. Filter sterilised, aqueous extract of garlic was tested for ability to inhibit the growth of a range of oral species and to(More)
The melanocortin peptides alpha-MSH, Lys-Pro-Val and Lys-Pro-D-Val are known to be potent anti-inflammatory agents; however their role as antibacterial peptides is less clear. The aim of this study was to determine whether these peptides displayed antibacterial properties, and specifically whether the Lys-Pro-D-Val tripeptide was more potent than(More)
Bistable populations of bacteria give rise to two or more subtypes that exhibit different phenotypes. We have explored whether the periodontal pathogen Porphyromonas gingivalis exhibits bistable invasive phenotypes. Using a modified cell invasion assay, we show for the first time that there are two distinct subtypes within a population of P. gingivalis(More)
Oral streptococci such as Streptococcus gordonii bind the abundant salivary enzyme alpha-amylase. This interaction may be important in dental plaque formation and metabolism, thus contributing to the initiation and progression of dental caries and periodontal disease, the two most common plaque-mediated diseases. The conjugative transposon Tn916 was used to(More)
We recently described the Palate Lung Nasal Clone (PLUNC) family of proteins as an extended group of proteins expressed in the upper airways, nose and mouth. Little is known about these proteins, but they are secreted into the airway and nasal lining fluids and saliva where, due to their structural similarity with lipopolysaccharide-binding protein and(More)
Porphyromonas gingivalis, Prevotella intermedia and Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans are believed to play an important role in adult periodontitis, but the significance of their relative numbers and progress of the disease is still unclear. Traditional quantitative methods are generally time-consuming and inaccurate. The aim of this study was to develop(More)
Bacterial colonisation and biofilm formation on the surface of urinary catheters is a common cause of nosocomial infection, and as such is a major impediment to their long-term use. Understanding the mechanisms of biofilm formation on urinary catheters is critical to their control and will aid the future development of materials used in their manufacture.(More)