Charles William Caldwell

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This study examined DNA methylation associated with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) and showed that selected molecular targets can be pharmacologically modulated to reverse gene silencing. A CpG island (CGI) microarray containing more than 3,400 unique clones that span all human chromosomes was used for large-scale discovery experiments and led to 262(More)
It is now clear that aberrant DNA methylation observed in cancer cells is not restricted to a few CpG islands, but affects multiple loci. When this epigenetic event occurs at the 5'-end of the regulatory region of genes, it is frequently associated with transcriptional silencing. To investigate further this widespread event in the tumor genome, we developed(More)
Hypermethylation of multiple CpG islands is a common event in cancer. To assess the prognostic values of this epigenetic alteration, we developed Methylation Target Array (MTA), derived from the concept of tissue microarray, for simultaneous analysis of DNA hypermethylation in hundreds of tissue genomes. In MTA, linker-ligated CpG island fragments were(More)
We developed a novel approach for conducting multisample, multigene, ultradeep bisulfite sequencing analysis of DNA methylation patterns in clinical samples. A massively parallel sequencing-by-synthesis method (454 sequencing) was used to directly sequence >100 bisulfite PCR products in a single sequencing run without subcloning. We showed the utility,(More)
The majority of T cells in peripheral blood express a T-cell receptor (TCR) comprised of alpha and beta chains. An alternate form of the TCR is comprised of gamma and delta chains. These gamma/delta T cells are associated with certain infectious lesions, and modestly elevated in peripheral blood in certain disease states. Human ehrlichiosis is characterized(More)
The opto-fluidic ring resonator (OFRR) is a sensitive label-free optical biosensor that is uniquely well suited for photonic and fluidic integration. For the first time we have explored the utility of this novel instrument for the analysis of methylation in oligonucleotides using the MBD-2 (methyl binding) protein as the capture molecule. This application(More)
CpG island hypermethylation is a frequent epigenetic event in cancer. We have recently developed an array-based method, called differential methylation hybridization (DMH), allowing for a genome-wide screening of CpG island hypermethylation in breast cancer cell lines (T. H-M. Huang et al., Hum. Mol. Genet., 8: 459-470, 1999). In the present study, DMH was(More)
Since 1989, we have confirmed the diagnosis of human ehrlichiosis in 57 patients. Although routine radiological studies of the central nervous system (CNS) or analyses of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) samples were not done for these patients, primary care physicians detected symptoms or signs that prompted them to perform such studies. CSF samples were examined(More)
We present a novel concept by using expressed CpG island sequence tags (ECISTs)for dual analysis of DNA methylation and gene expression in cancer cells. ECISTs are present in the genome and are DNA fragments expected to be located in the promoter and first exon region of genes. Their GC-rich segments can be used for screening hypermethylated CpG sites in(More)
High-throughput microarray technologies were used to study DNA methylation accompanied by transcriptional changes in follicular lymphoma (FL). Using Methylated CpG Island Amplification with Microarrays to study CpG Island DNA methylation in FL, we discovered widespread hypermethylation of homeobox genes and previously identified targets of polycomb(More)