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Due to the possibility of a biothreat attack on civilian or military installations, a need exists for technologies that can detect and accurately identify pathogens in a near-real-time approach. One technology potentially capable of meeting these needs is a high-throughput mass spectrometry (MS)-based proteomic approach. This approach utilizes the knowledge(More)
BACKGROUND In 2010 Colony Collapse Disorder (CCD), again devastated honey bee colonies in the USA, indicating that the problem is neither diminishing nor has it been resolved. Many CCD investigations, using sensitive genome-based methods, have found small RNA bee viruses and the microsporidia, Nosema apis and N. ceranae in healthy and collapsing colonies(More)
Small-angle neutron scattering (SANS) has been used to extend the structural characterization of the MS2 phage by examining its physical characteristics in solution. Specifically, the contrast variation technique was employed to determine the molecular weight of the individual components of the MS2 virion (protein shell and genomic RNA) and the spatial(More)
Timely classification and identification of bacteria is of vital importance in many areas of public health. We present a mass spectrometry (MS)-based proteomics approach for bacterial classification. In this method, a bacterial proteome database is derived from all potential protein coding open reading frames (ORFs) found in 170 fully sequenced bacterial(More)
Whole cell protein and outer membrane protein (OMP) extracts were compared for their ability to differentiate and delineate the correct database organism to an experimental sample and for the degree of dissimilarity to the nearest neighbor database organism strains. These extracts were isolated from pathogenic and nonpathogenic strains of Yersinia pestis(More)
0969-80 doi:10.1 fax: +1 E-m Prese P.O. Bo Prese sion, De man Rd Prese Gaither in Quantification of RNA in bacteriophage MS2-like viruses solution by small-angle X-ray scattering Deborah A. Kuzmanovic, Ilya Elashvili, Charles Wick, Catherine O’Connell, Susan Krueger Biotechnology Division, NIST, 100 Bureau Drive, Stop 8311, Gaithersburg, MD 20899-8311, USA(More)
A pyrolysis-gas chromatography-ion mobility spectrometry (Py-GC-IMS) briefcase system has been shown to detect and classify deliberately released bioaerosols in outdoor field scenarios. The bioaerosols included Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria, MS-2 coliphage virus, and ovalbumin protein species. However, the origin and structural identities of the(More)
A "one-pot" alternative method for processing proteins and isolating peptide mixtures from bacterial samples is presented for liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) analysis and data reduction. The conventional in-solution digestion of the protein contents of bacteria is compared to a small disposable filter unit placed inside a(More)
Recombinant forms of the bacteriophage MS2 and its RNA-free (empty) MS2 capsid were analyzed in solution to determine if RNA content and/or the A (or maturation) protein play a role in the global arrangement of the virus protein shell. Analysis of the (coat) protein shell of recombinant versions of MS2 that lack the A protein revealed dramatic differences(More)
This report explores the direct counting of "hair-like" struc-tures specific for Gram-positive bacteria. Indications show that these structures are intact after removal from the cell and are sufficiently different from species to species of bacteria to give an indication of bacteria type if not actual identification. Their detection would represent a new(More)