Charles W. X. Ng

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Paclitaxel is a promising anti-cancer drug as well as a radiosensitizer for chemotherapy and radiotherapy applications. Because of the poor solubility of paclitaxel in water and most pharmaceutical reagents, it is usually formulated with an adjuvant called Cremophor EL, which causes severe side effects. This work develops new dosage forms of paclitaxel for(More)
The present paper describes the development of a micellar electrokinetic chromatographic method for the determination of nucleoside (adenosine, uridine) and base (uracil) markers in aqueous extracts of Ganoderma medicinal preparations. The markers were successfully separated within 10 min using an 80 mM borate buffer, with 25 mM sodium dodecyl sulfate(More)
Mutations in the Bacillus subtilis major RNA polymerase sigma factor gene (rpoD/crsA47) and a sensory receiver gene (spoOA/rvtA11) are potent intergenic suppressors of several stage 0 sporulation mutations (spoOB, OE, OF & OK). We show here that these suppressors also rescue temperature-sensitive sporulation phenotypes (Spots) caused by mutations in RNA(More)
This paper describes a methodology for capturing the tacit knowledge of the manual grinding and polishing process. Key Process Variables (KPVs) i.e. contact force, tool path, feed rate, etc. of the manual operator performing the task are captured with a `sensorised' hand-held belt grinder, while the changes to the work-piece geometry is captured using a 3-D(More)
This paper describes a novel methodology for programming grinding tool-paths, tool-path orientations and grinding strategies based on the captured trajectories of a surface finishing tool operated by the Skilled-Operator. In order to extract the grinding parameters and strategy from the trajectory of the skilled operator, the manual tool-path is first(More)
Engineered sanitary landfills are becoming more and more common worldwide. Ecosystem restoration of capped sanitary landfills is essential to restore the disturbed environment. Comparing plant communities, as well as bacterial communities, in landfills and natural areas, offers an efficient way to assess the restoration status. However, such studies on the(More)
Methane oxidation in landfill covers is a complex process involving water, gas and heat transfer as well as microbial oxidation. The coupled phenomena of microbial oxidation, water, gas, and heat transfer are not fully understood. In this study, a new model is developed that incorporates water-gas-heat coupled reactive transport in unsaturated soil with(More)
Ground granulated blast furnace slag (GGBS) amended soil has been found able to remove gaseous hydrogen sulfide (H2S). However, how H2S is removed by GGBS amended soil and why GGBS amended soil can be regenerated to remove H2S are not fully understood. In this study, laboratory column tests together with chemical analysis were conducted to investigate and(More)
Reduction of soil moisture by plant root-water uptake could improve soil aeration for microbial aerobic methane oxidation (MAMO) in a landfill cover, but excessive soil moisture removal could suppress microbial activity due to water shortage. Existing models ignore the coupled microbe-vegetation interaction. It is thus not known whether the presence of(More)
As an extension of the two-layer capillary barrier, a three-layer capillary barrier landfill cover system is proposed for minimizing rainfall infiltration in humid climates. This system consists of a compacted clay layer lying beneath a conventional cover with capillary barrier effects (CCBE), which is in turn composed of a silt layer sitting on top of a(More)