Charles W Qualls

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The bile salt export pump (BSEP) is an efflux transporter, driving the elimination of endobiotic and xenobiotic substrates from hepatocytes into the bile. More specifically, it is responsible for the elimination of monovalent, conjugated bile salts, with little or no assistance from other apical transporters. Disruption of BSEP activity through genetic(More)
There is little primate risk factor data in the literature evaluating the relationship between proposed mechanisms of PPAR agonist-induced hepatocarcinogenesis at clinically relevant therapeutic exposures. These studies were conducted to characterize the hepatic effects of fenofibrate and ciprofibrate in the cynomolgus monkey. Male cynomolgus monkeys were(More)
Cell adhesion molecules are glycoproteins expressed on the cell surface and play an important role in inflammatory as well as neoplastic diseases. There are four main groups: the integrin family, the immunoglobulin superfamily, selectins, and cadherins. The integrin family has eight subfamilies, designated as beta 1 through beta 8. The most widely studied(More)
Early evaluation of new drug entities for their potential to cause mitochondrial dysfunction is becoming an important task for drug development. Multi-parametric high-content screening (mp-HCS) of mitochondrial toxicity holds promise as a lead in-vitro strategy for drug testing and safety evaluations. In this study, we have developed a mp-HCS and(More)
Two double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled feasibility trials of minocycline in ALS were conducted. In Trial 1, 19 subjects received 200 mg/day or placebo for 6 months; there were no significant differences in adverse events (AE). In Trial 2, 23 subjects received up to 400 mg/day in an 8-month crossover trial. The mean tolerated dose was 387 mg/day,(More)
Large-scale analysis of gene expression using cDNA microarrays promises the rapid detection of the mode of toxicity for drugs and other chemicals. cDNA microarrays were used to examine chemically induced alterations of gene expression in HepG2 cells exposed to a diverse group of toxicants at an equitoxic exposure concentration. The treatments were ouabain(More)
Oil refineries inadvertently deposit a variety of complex mixtures of organic hydrocarbons and heavy metals in the soil, many of which are thought to be potent immunotoxicants. Terrestrial ecosystems such as this have not been adequately investigated with respect to wild rodent populations. The primary objective of this study was to use mesocosms to assess(More)
The ways in which comprehensive condition profiles, incorporating morphometric, histologic, physiologic, and diet quality indices, responded to changes in density of a white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus) population were examined. Changes in these condition indices were monitored in a northeastern Oklahoma deer herd as density declined from peaks of(More)
Administration of 1,3,5-trinitrobenzene (TNB) to male Fischer-344 rats produced ataxia after 6 or 7 oral doses (71 mg/kg). Light microscopic examination after 10 days revealed petechial hemorrhages in the brain stem and cerebellum and bilaterally symmetric degeneration and necrosis (malacia) with reactive gliosis in the cerebellar peduncles. The malacia was(More)
Radio-telemetry was used to monitor movements and mortality of 56 white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus) in response to intensive military training activities on West Range (18,000 ha), Fort Sill Military Reservation, Oklahoma. Cause-specific mortality was determined for 22 radio-collared deer, including adults (greater than or equal to 2.0-yr-old),(More)