Charles W. Fox

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Animals actively regulate the position and movement of their sensory systems to boost the quality and quantity of the sensory information they obtain. The rat vibrissal system is recognized to be an important model system in which to investigate such "active sensing" capabilities. The current study used high-speed video analysis to investigate whisker(More)
Texture perception is studied here in a physical model of the rat whisker system consisting of a robot equipped with a biomimetic vibrissal sensor. Investigations of whisker motion in rodents have led to several explanations for texture discrimination, such as resonance or stick-slips. Meanwhile, electrophysiological studies of decision-making in monkeys(More)
The observed physiological dynamics of an infant receiving intensive care contain a great deal of information about factors which cannot be examined directly, including the state of health of the infant and the operation of the monitoring equipment. This type of data tends to contain both common, recognisable patterns (e.g. as caused by certain clinical(More)
Actuated artificial whiskers modeled on rat macrovibrissae can provide effective tactile sensor systems for autonomous robots. This article focuses on texture classification using artificial whiskers and addresses a limitation of previous studies, namely, their use of whisker deflection signals obtained under relatively constrained experimental conditions.(More)
This tutorial describes the mean-field variational Bayesian approximation to inference in graphical models, using modern machine learning terminology rather than statistical physics concepts. It begins by seeking to find an approximate mean-field distribution close to the target joint in the KL-divergence sense. It then derives local node updates and(More)
Whiskered mammals such as rats are experts in tactile perception. By actively palpating surfaces with their whiskers, rats and mice are capable of acute texture discrimination and shape perception. We present a novel system for investigating whisker-object contacts repeatably and reliably. Using an XY positioning robot and a biomimetic artificial whisker we(More)
The paradigm case for robotic mapping assumes large quantities of sensory information which allow the use of relatively weak priors. In contrast, the present study considers the mapping problem for a mobile robot, CrunchBot, where only sparse, local tactile information from whisker sensors is available. To compensate for such weak likelihood information, we(More)
Computational modellers are becoming increasingly interested in building large, eclectic, biological models. These may integrate nervous system components at various levels of description, other biological components (e.g. muscles), non-biological components (e.g. statistical discriminators or control software) and, in embodied modelling, even hardware(More)