Charles W. Bishop

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BACKGROUND Calcitriol lowers parathyroid hormone (PTH) levels in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) stages 3 and 4, but its use is limited by a low therapeutic index and concerns regarding hypercalcemia and acceleration of kidney disease. We evaluated doxercalciferol (1alpha-hydroxyvitamin D2) as an alternative therapy in a randomized,(More)
Hypercalcemia and hyperphosphatemia frequently necessitate vitamin D withdrawal in hemodialysis patients with secondary hyperparathyroidism. In short-term trials, doxercalciferol (1alpha-hydroxyvitamin D(2) [1alphaD(2)]) suppressed intact parathyroid hormone (iPTH) effectively with minimal increases in serum calcium and phosphorus (P) levels. This modified,(More)
The effect of psyllium hydrophilic mucilloid on serum cholesterol levels was investigated in 26 men with mild to moderate hypercholesterolemia (range of cholesterol level, 4.86 to 8.12 mmol/L [188 to 314 mg/dL]) in a double-blind, placebo-controlled parallel study. Following a two-week baseline period, subjects were treated for eight weeks with 3.4 g of(More)
Most reports on the effectiveness and side effects of oral versus parenteral calcitriol or alfacalcidol in hemodialysis patients with secondary hyperparathyroidism show no advantage of parenteral treatment. The efficacy and safety of intravenous doxercalciferol (1alphaD(2)) were studied in hemodialysis patients with secondary hyperparathyroidism (plasma(More)
Modern technology has sparked the creation of computing systems that perform many medically related tasks, but communication between these systems is limited, in part by differences in the terminology used for various purposes and in part by the changing nature of medical concepts. The Unified Medical Language System represents an attempt to find a means of(More)
Target cells for 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 were demonstrated in the adrenal medulla by frozen-section autoradiography. The appearance of these target cells was age-dependent in neonatal mice. Immunocytochemical staining for phenylethanolamine-N-methyltransferase revealed that both epinephrine and non-epinephrine cells concentrate 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 in(More)
1 alpha,24-Dihydroxyvitamin D2 (1 alpha,24(OH)2D2) is a metabolite of 1 alpha-hydroxyvitamin D2 (1 alpha-OH-D2), a prodrug in development as a treatment for secondary hyperparathyroidism occurring in end stage renal disease. This prodrug has a broader therapeutic index than the corresponding vitamin D3 analogue, possibly because hepatic metabolism of 1(More)
We have produced evidence for a new metabolic pathway for vitamin D2 in humans involving the production of 24-hydroxyvitamin D2 (24OHD2) and 1,24-dihydroxyvitamin D2 [1,24-(OH)2D2]. These metabolites were produced after either a single large dose (10(6) IU) of vitamin D2 or repeated daily doses between 10(3) and 5 x 10(4) IU. We developed assay systems for(More)
Calcitriol, as used for treating secondary hyperparathyroidism, has a low therapeutic index. The safety and efficacy of the vitamin D analog, 1 alpha (OH)-vitamin D2, (1 alpha D2), which has less toxicity in animals than 1 alpha (OH)-vitamin D3, was tested in a multicenter study of 24 hemodialysis patients with secondary hyperparathyroidism [serum intact(More)
BACKGROUND This is the first detailed pharmacokinetic report published on the administration of doxercalciferol [1alpha(OH)D(2)] recently introduced to treat secondary hyperparathyroidism. METHODS 1alpha(OH)D(2) was administered in a range of single and multiple doses to volunteers with and without normal renal and/or hepatic function. Subsequent serial(More)