Charles V. Rohlicek

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Decreased right as well as left ventricular function can be associated with pulmonary hypertension (PH). Numerous investigations have examined cardiac function following induction of pulmonary hypertension with monocrotaline (MCT) assuming that MCT has no direct cardiac effect. We tested this assumption by examining left ventricular function and histology(More)
This article provides an overview of a longitudinal study on a cohort of 131 newborns and young infants with congenital heart defects who required open heart surgery. The rationale for the study design is provided as well as a summary of the procedures used to evaluate these children prior to surgery, at discharge after surgery, 12-18 months later, and at 5(More)
Neurologic status is of concern in infants with congenital heart defects undergoing open heart surgery. The association between perioperative electroencephalography (EEG) with acute neurologic status and subsequent outcome was examined in a cohort of 60 infants. Preoperative EEG and neurologic examinations were performed within 1 to 2 days prior to surgery(More)
Nestin+ cardiac myocyte-like cells were detected in the peri-infarct/infarct region of the ischemically damaged heart. The present study was undertaken to elucidate the phenotype and potential origin of nestin+ cardiac myocyte-like cells and identify stimuli implicated in their appearance. In the infarcted human and rat heart, nestin+ cardiac myocyte-like(More)
The effect of graded isocapnic hypoxia on the mass activity of the cervical sympathetic trunk and of the phrenic nerve was studied in sinoaortic-denervated, pentobarbital-anaesthetized cats. Under control conditions (normoxia, normocapnia) sympathetic discharge showed (i) a burst of action potentials synchronous with the phrenic nerve burst, which was(More)
Evoked potentials are sensitive prognostic tools in young infants at risk for developmental disability. The objective of this prospective study was to determine whether infants with congenital heart defects demonstrate evoked potential abnormalities prior to or following open heart surgery, and to examine the association between these abnormalities and(More)
OBJECTIVE This study compares the developmental and functional outcomes at school entry between boys and girls born with a congenital cardiac defect who required early surgical correction. STUDY DESIGN A prospective cohort of 94 children, including 49 percent boys, were followed up to 5 years of age and assessed for developmental progress. Developmental(More)
BACKGROUND Congenital atrioventricular block is a well-established immunologic complication of maternal systemic lupus erythematosus. We sought to further characterize the electrophysiological manifestations of maternal systemic lupus erythematosus on neonatal atria. METHODS AND RESULTS Cases of isolated congenital atrioventricular block treated at our(More)
Changes in 2-deoxyglucose (2-DG) uptake in the central nervous system during systemic hypercapnia were determined by the [3H]2-DG autoradiographic method in peripherally chemodenervated rats. Autoradiographs were made from serial transverse sections of the brain and analyzed by a computer-based interactive image processing system for areas having increases(More)
The relation between arterial O2 tension (PaO2) and the firing rate of sympathetic preganglionic neurons (SPN) was studied in 16 strands of the cervical sympathetic trunk (CST) during graded isocapnic hypoxia in 11 sinoaortic-denervated central nervous system (CNS)-intact, anesthetized cats. SPN firing rate was independent of PaO2 from normoxia down to a(More)