Learn More
The advent of high-throughput measurements of gene expression and bioinformatics analysis methods offers new ways to study gene expression patterns. The primary goal of this study was to determine the time sequence for gene expression in a bone subjected to mechanical loading during key periods of the bone-formation process, including expression of(More)
When compact bone is subjected to bending loads, interstitial fluid in the bone matrix flows away from regions of high compressive stress. The amount of interstitial fluid flow is strongly influenced by the loading rate in a dose-dependent fashion. We hypothesize that interstitial fluid flow affects bone formation, and we tested this hypothesis indirectly(More)
Bone cells are organized into an interconnected network, which extends from the osteocytes within bone to the osteoblasts and lining cells on the bone surfaces. There is experimental evidence suggesting that bone tissue exhibits basic properties of short- and long-term memory. An analogy might be made between the bone cell network and neuronal systems. For(More)
INTRODUCTION A subpopulation (CD44+/CD24-) of breast cancer cells has been reported to have stem/progenitor cell properties. The aim of this study was to investigate whether this subpopulation of cancer cells has the unique ability to invade, home, and proliferate at sites of metastasis. METHODS CD44 and CD24 expression was determined by flow cytometry.(More)
Mechanotransduction plays a crucial role in the physiology of many tissues including bone. Mechanical loading can inhibit bone resorption and increase bone formation in vivo. In bone, the process of mechanotransduction can be divided into four distinct steps: (1) mechanocoupling, (2) biochemical coupling, (3) transmission of signal, and (4) effector cell(More)
In limb bone diaphyses, it is hypothesized that collagen and extra-fibrillar mineral are aligned differently in relatively simple loading conditions (e.g., habitual longitudinal compression) when compared to complex or potentially deleterious strain environments (e.g., habitual shear or tension). These putative differences in collagen/mineral organization(More)
Osteocytes, former osteoblasts buried within bone, are thought to orchestrate skeletal adaptation to mechanical stimuli. However, it remains unknown whether hormones control skeletal homeostasis through actions on osteocytes. Parathyroid hormone (PTH) stimulates bone remodeling and may cause bone loss or bone gain depending on the balance between bone(More)
A dose-response relationship has been shown between loading frequency and cortical bone adaptation for frequencies of up to 10 Hz, and is presumed to persist with further increases in frequency. Studies herein aimed to investigate cortical bone adaptation to loading frequencies of 1, 5, 10, 20 and 30 Hz. Two studies were performed in adult C57BL/6 mice(More)
For the first time, PTH (1-34) was found to significantly affect bone quality, femora length, and body weight of aged, ovariectomized rats. Specifically, we examined the effects of biosynthetic human PTH (1-34) in 9 month-old rats that were ovariectomized and dosed for the ensuing 6 months with 8 or 40 microg/kg PTH. Bone content, architecture, and quality(More)
When bone is loaded, substrate strain is generated by the external force and this strain induces fluid flow that creates fluid shear stress on bone cells. Our current understanding of load-driven gene regulation of osteoblasts is based primarily on in vitro studies on planer two-dimensional tissue culture substrates. However, differences between a flat(More)