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NOTE: International Finance Discussion Papers are preliminary materials circulated to stimulate discussion and critical comment. References in publications to International Finance Discussion Papers (other than an acknowledgment that the writer has had access to unpublished material) should be cleared Abstract: We present a readily available monthly measure(More)
BACKGROUND There are several known predictors of an incomplete colonoscopy or difficult colonoscopy. In addition, inadequate bowel preparation has been reported in procedures scheduled later in the day. Operator fatigue, which tends to be higher as the day passes on, may also impact colonoscopy completion rate. AIMS To determine the influence of(More)
Maximal exercise performance is a multifactorial process in which the cardiovascular component, the innervation of the musculature, and the contractile and metabolic properties of skeletal muscle all play key roles. Here, protocols are provided for assessment of maximal running capacity of mice on a treadmill, with a combination of short high-intensity(More)
Suspected chyle leak during complex spine surgery A unique case of propofol infusion resulting in lipid emulsion pooling in the surgical field ABSTRACT The authors report a case of propofol infusion being mistaken for chyle during a two stage thoracic spinal fusion. Propofol is commonly used during spine surgery to facilitate neuromonitoring and there are(More)
The significance of complex chromosomal rearrangements presents a diagnostic dilemma. In the past, the use of G-banding coupled with fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) has been the standard approach. The recent development of spectral karyotyping (SKY) and multicolor FISH (M-FISH) has resulted in an increased accuracy of identification of marker or(More)
The locomotor activity of laboratory mice is a global behavioral trait which can be valuable for the primary phenotyping of genetically engineered mouse models as well as mouse models of pathologies affecting the central and peripheral nervous systems, the musculoskeletal system, and the control of energy homeostasis. Basal levels of mouse locomotion can be(More)
INTRODUCTION Surgery for patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI) remains controversial. Studies suggest that craniectomy (CE) may be superior to craniotomy (CO) by reducing intracranial pressure and limiting postoperative brain swelling. Few studies report comprehensive long-term functional and quality-of-life outcomes. METHODS All patients with TBI(More)