Charles T. Dameron

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Expression of the cop operon which effects copper homeostasis in Enterococcus hirae is controlled by the copper responsive repressor CopY. Purified Zn(II)CopY binds to a synthetic cop promoter fragment in vitro. Here we show that the 8 kDa protein CopZ acts as a copper chaperone by specifically delivering copper(I) to Zn(II)CopY and releasing CopY from the(More)
Higher plants, algae and some yeasts respond to potentially toxic heavy metals such as cadmium by synthesizing phytochelatins and related cysteine-rich polypeptides. We have used X-ray absorption spectroscopy to study the nature of cadmium binding in such peptides isolated from maize (Zea mays) exposed to low levels of cadmium, and in two synthetic(More)
Copper is required by all living systems. Cells have a variety of mechanisms to deal with this essential, yet toxic trace element. A recently discovered facet of homeostatic mechanisms is the protein-mediated, intracellular delivery of copper to target proteins. This routing is accomplished by a novel class of proteins, the 'copper chaperones'. They are a(More)
 Copper is an absolute requirement for living systems and the intracellular trafficking of this metal to copper-dependent proteins is fundamental to normal cellular metabolism. The copper chaperones perform the dual functions of trafficking and the prevention of cytoplasmic exposure to copper ions in transit. Only a small number of copper chaperones have(More)
Extracellular copper regulates the DNA binding activity of the CopY repressor of Enterococcus hirae and thereby controls expression of the copper homeostatic genes encoded by the cop operon. CopY has a CxCxxxxCxC metal binding motif. CopZ, a copper chaperone belonging to a family of metallochaperones characterized by a MxCxxC metal binding motif, transfers(More)
ACE1 is the transcriptional activator of the metallothionein (CUP1 locus) gene in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Previous data had implicated the N-terminal domain of ACE1 as responsible for the Cu-dependent specific DNA binding. An expression system in Escherichia coli was constructed to enable the isolation of an ACE1 domain containing the DNA and Cu-binding(More)
Essential transition metals such as copper, molybdenum, and zinc and nonessential metals like cadmium, mercury, and lead can be toxic at the cellular, tissue, and organ levels when present in excess. To avoid metal-induced toxicity most organisms use a redundant combination of metal-regulated import inhibition, sequestration, and enhanced export mechanisms.(More)
Cadmium-sulfide crystallites form in the yeast Candida glabrata cultured in the presence of cadmium salts. The particles function to sequester and detoxify intracellular cadmium ions. The crystallites are peptide-coated, but the coating peptide varies with the nutrient conditions of the growth medium. When cultured in rich nutrient broth the yeast forms(More)
The cop operon is a key element of copper homeostasis in Enterococcus hirae. It encodes two copper ATPases, CopA and CopB, the CopY repressor, and the CopZ metallochaperone. The cop operon is induced by copper, which allows uncompromised growth in up to 5 mM ambient copper. Copper uptake appears to be accomplished by the CopA ATPase, a member of the heavy(More)
Anti benzo[a]pyrene diol epoxide (BPDE) alkylates guanines of DNA at N7 in the major groove and at the exocyclic amino group in the minor groove. In this report we investigated the rates of BPDE hydrolysis, DNA alkylation and subsequent depurination of BPDE-adducted pBR322 DNA fragment using polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. Preincubation studies showed(More)