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Bariatric surgery is the most effective treatment for severe obesity. However, evidence suggests that maladaptive eating behaviors such as binge eating, grazing, and a loss of control when eating may impact postsurgical weight outcomes. The current study sought to characterize the weight outcomes, eating patterns, and perceived health-related quality of(More)
Thirty-three women diagnosed as suffering from vulvar vestibulitis syndrome, marked by a significant history of long-term moderate to severe chronic introital dyspareunia and tenderness of the vulvar vestibule, were selected for treatment. Patients were given a computerized electromyographic evaluation of the pelvic floor muscles and were then provided with(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare surface electromyographic (EMG) studies of the pelvic floor in women diagnosed with dysesthetic vulvodynia to those of women with no urologic or gynecologic symptoms. STUDY DESIGN Fifty women were chosen to participate and placed in one of two diagnostic categories, asymptomatic (no report of urogynecologic abnormalities, n = 25) and(More)
Some studies suggest that religiosity may be related to health outcomes. The current investigation, involving 92,395 Women's Health Initiative Observational Study participants, examined the prospective association of religious affiliation, religious service attendance, and strength and comfort from religion with subsequent cardiovascular outcomes and death.(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate treatment of mild hypertension using combinations of diet and low-dose pharmacologic therapies. DESIGN Multicenter, randomized, placebo-controlled clinical trial. SETTING Three university-based tertiary care centers. PATIENTS Patients (697) 21 to 65 years of age with diastolic blood pressure between 90 and 100 mm Hg as well as(More)
The Trial of Antihypertensive Interventions and Management was a multicenter randomized, placebo-controlled trial designed to assess the effectiveness of various combinations of pharmacologic and dietary interventions in the treatment of mild hypertension (diastolic blood pressure 90-100 mmHg). The primary outcome was blood pressure change between baseline(More)
This study examined the relationship between addictive personality and maladaptive eating behaviors in bariatric surgery candidates. Ninety-seven bariatric surgery candidates completed the Eysenck Personality Questionnaire (EPQ-R) Addiction Scale, the Overeating Questionnaire (OQ), binge-eating questions from the Questionnaire of Eating and Weight Patterns(More)
OBJECTIVE Excess weight has been associated with numerous psychological problems, including depression and anxiety. This study examined the impact of intentional weight loss on the psychological well-being of adults participating in three clinical weight loss interventions. METHODS This population consisted of 588 overweight or obese individuals(More)
OBJECTIVE The effects of a cognitive-behavioral weight control intervention were compared in two independent-living, older adult (mean age = 70.5 years) communities. DESIGN The research design compared the experimental community (n = 163), which received the intervention, with the control community (n = 162). SUBJECTS Overweight individuals (> 4.5 kg of(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the costs and effects of incremental components of a weight-loss program. DESIGN A 3-arm, 12-month randomized controlled clinical trial to evaluate 3 incremental levels of intervention intensity. SUBJECTS/SETTING The study included 588 individuals (BMI > 25 kg/m2) in a freestanding health maintenance organizalion and achieved an(More)