Charles S. Osborne

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We have previously shown correction of X-linked severe combined immunodeficiency [SCID-X1, also known as gamma chain (gamma(c)) deficiency] in 9 out of 10 patients by retrovirus-mediated gamma(c) gene transfer into autologous CD34 bone marrow cells. However, almost 3 years after gene therapy, uncontrolled exponential clonal proliferation of mature T cells(More)
Retroviral vectors are transcriptionally silenced in hematopoietic stem cells, and this phenomenon must be overcome for effective gene therapy of blood diseases. The murine stem cell virus (MSCV) vector completely silences beta-globin reporter genes regulated by locus control region (LCR) elements 5'HS2 to 5'HS4 in seven of eight transgenic mice. Here, we(More)
GM-CSF gene activation in T cells is known to involve the transcription factors nuclear factor-kappa B, AP-1, NFAT, and Sp1. Here we demonstrate that the human GM-CSF promoter and enhancer also encompass binding sites for core-binding factor (CBF). Significantly, the CBF sites are in each case contained within the minimum essential core regions required for(More)
Retrovirus vectors are de novo methylated and transcriptionally silent in mammalian stem cells. Here, we identify epigenetic modifications that mark retrovirus-silenced transgenes. We show that murine stem cell virus (MSCV) and human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) vectors dominantly silence a linked locus control region (LCR) beta-globin reporter(More)
We have engineered the reporter gene plasmid pXPG by incorporating a novel high-copy origin of replication and a modified luciferase gene into a pXP1-derived vector that efficiently blocks read-through transcription in eukaryotic cells. pXPG contains the Luc+ luciferase gene derived from pGL3 that lacks a peroxisomal targeting sequence, thereby allowing(More)
Granulocyte-macrophage (GM)-CSF and IL-3 are hemopoietic growth factors whose genes are closely linked in both humans and mice. In humans, the GM-CSF and IL-3 genes are regulated by a cyclosporin A-inhibitable enhancer located 3 kb upstream of the GM-CSF gene that is inducible by signals that mimic TCR activation. To search for a murine homologue of this(More)
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