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Transglutaminases catalyze the posttranslational modification of proteins by transamidation of available glutamine residues. This action results primarily in the formation of epsilon-(gamma-glutamyl)lysine cross-links but includes the incorporation of polyamines into suitable protein substrates as well. The covalent isopeptide crosslink is stable and(More)
Nitric oxide (NO) and related molecules play important roles in vascular biology. NO modifies proteins through nitrosylation of free cysteine residues, and such modifications are important in mediating NO's biologic activity. Tissue transglutaminase (tTG) is a sulfhydryl rich protein that is expressed by endothelial cells and secreted into the extracellular(More)
Guanosine 5'-triphosphate (GTP) was found to inhibit guinea pig liver transglutaminase activity as measured by [3H]putrescine incorporation into casein. GDP and GTP-gamma-S also inhibited enzyme activity (GTP-gamma-S greater than GTP greater than GDP). Kinetic studies showed that GTP acted as a reversible, noncompetitive inhibitor and that CaCl2 partially(More)
Human tissue transglutaminase (TGM2) is a calcium-dependent crosslinking enzyme involved in the posttranslational modification of intra- and extracellular proteins and implicated in several neurodegenerative diseases. To find specific inhibitors to TGM2, two structurally diverse chemical libraries (LOPAC and Prestwick) were screened. We found that ZM39923,(More)
The expansion of a polyglutamine (polyQ) domain in neuronal proteins is the molecular genetic cause of at least eight neurodegenerative diseases. Proteins with a polyQ domain that is greater than 40 Q (Q40) residues form insoluble intranuclear and cytoplasmic inclusions. Expanded polyQ proteins self-associate by non-covalent interactions and become(More)
Tissue transglutaminase (tTG) is a multifunctional enzyme with transglutaminase crosslinking (TGase), GTP binding, and hydrolysis activities that play a role in many different disorders. We identified, characterized, and investigated the function and stability of two alternatively spliced forms of tTG using biochemical, cellular, and molecular biological(More)
Plasma fibrinogen plays an important role in hemostasis and inflammation. Fibrinogen is converted to fibrin to impede blood loss and serves as the provisional matrix that aids wound healing. Fibrinogen also binds to cytokine activated endothelial cells and promotes the binding and migration of leukocytes into tissues during inflammation. Tissue(More)
Alternative splicing is an important mechanism for modulating gene function that accounts for a considerable proportion of proteomic complexity in higher eukaryotes. Alternative splicing is often tightly regulated in a cell-type- or developmental-stage- specific manner and can cause a single gene to have multiple functions. Human Tissue transglutaminase(More)
UNLABELLED Despite the efficacy of antifibrinolytic drugs in reducing bleeding after cardiac surgery, concerns remain regarding their potential to promote thrombosis. We examined the effect of the antifibrinolytic drug, epsilon-aminocaproic acid (EACA) on fibrinolysis and thrombin generation during cardiac surgery. Forty-one adults undergoing primary(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the use of recombinant activated factor VII (rFVIIa) in patients with liver failure undergoing invasive procedures. METHODS An OVID/MEDLINE and PubMed search (1997-June 2011) was performed to identify literature on the use of rFVIIa to reduce bleeding risk in patients with liver failure undergoing invasive procedures. STUDY(More)