Charles S Elmore

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The metabolism and excretion of [C]sitagliptin, an orally active, potent and selective dipeptidyl peptidase 4 inhibitor, were investigated in humans after a single oral dose of 83 mg/193 Ci. Urine, feces, and plasma were collected at regular intervals for up to 7 days. The primary route of excretion of radioactivity was via the kidneys, with a mean value of(More)
The pharmacokinetics, metabolism, and excretion of sitagliptin [MK-0431; (2R)-4-oxo-4-[3-(trifluoromethyl)-5,6-dihydro[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-7(8H)-yl]-1-(2,4,5-trifluorophenyl)butan-2-amine], a potent dipeptidyl peptidase 4 inhibitor, were evaluated in male Sprague-Dawley rats and beagle dogs. The plasma clearance and volume of distribution of(More)
The alpha-7 neuronal nicotinic receptor is a novel pharmacological target for psychiatric and cognitive disorders. Selective radiotracer tools for pre-clinical receptor occupancy can facilitate the interpretation of the biological actions of small molecules at a target receptor. We discovered a high affinity nicotinic alpha-7 subtype-selective ligand,(More)
The metabolism and excretion of [(14)C]sitagliptin, an orally active, potent and selective dipeptidyl peptidase 4 inhibitor, were investigated in humans after a single oral dose of 83 mg/193 muCi. Urine, feces, and plasma were collected at regular intervals for up to 7 days. The primary route of excretion of radioactivity was via the kidneys, with a mean(More)
Neuronal nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChR) agonists active at the alpha-7 (α-7) receptor subtype are potential therapeutics for cognitive deficits in schizophrenia, Alzheimer's disease, and other mental disorders. SSR180711, an α-7 selective partial agonist, has been shown to improve preclinical cognition. A novel positron emission tomography (PET)(More)
Herein we describe the discovery of compounds that are competitive antagonists of the CP101-606 binding site within the NR2B subtype of the NMDA receptor. The compounds identified do not possess phenolic functional groups such as those in ifenprodil and related analogs. Initial identification of hits in this series focused on a basic, secondary amine side(More)
An ongoing challenge of drug metabolite profiling is to detect and identify unknown or low-level metabolites in complex biological matrices. Here we present a generic strategy for metabolite detection using multiple accurate-mass-based data processing tools via the analysis of rat samples of two model drug candidates, AZD6280 and AZ12488024. First, the(More)
We previously reported the absence of high-affinity binding of the group II metabotropic glutamate receptor agonists LY 354,740 and LY 379,268 to the D2L dopamine receptor. A rebuttal to our findings has since been reported (see Introduction section); this study represents our response. Analysis by LCMS of LY 354,740 and LY 379,268 used in this study(More)
Drug-induced liver injury has been observed in patients treated with the endothelin receptor antagonists sitaxentan and bosentan, but not following treatment with ambrisentan. The aim of our studies was to assess the possible role of multiple contributory mechanisms in this clinically relevant toxicity. Inhibition of the bile salt export pump (BSEP) and(More)
As part of the drug discovery and development process, it is important to understand the fate of the drug candidate in humans and the relevance of the animal species used for preclinical toxicity and pharmacodynamic studies. Therefore, various in vitro and in vivo studies are conducted during the different stages of the drug development process to elucidate(More)