Charles Robert Gibson

Learn More
PURPOSE To describe the history, clinical findings, and possible etiologies of ophthalmic findings discovered in 7 astronauts after long-duration space flight, and document vision changes in approximately 300 additional astronauts. DESIGN Retrospective, observational examination of ophthalmic findings in 7 astronauts and analysis of postflight(More)
Ophthalmic changes have occurred in a subset of astronauts on International Space Station missions. Visual deterioration is considered the greatest human health risk of spaceflight. Affected astronauts exhibit higher concentrations of 1-carbon metabolites (e.g., homocysteine) before flight. We hypothesized that genetic variations in 1-carbon metabolism(More)
Approximately 20% (7 of 38) of astronauts on International Space Station (ISS) missions have developed measurable ophthalmic changes after flight. This study was conducted to determine if the folate- and vitamin B-12-dependent 1-carbon metabolic pathway is altered in these individuals. Since 2006, we have conducted experiments on the ISS to evaluate(More)
We measured intraocular pressures and retinal vascular diameters from 11 subjects during 20 seconds of microgravity produced by parabolic flight on board a KC-135 aircraft. Intraocular pressures increased 58% during parabolic flight compared to baseline values (19 +/- 1 mm Hg vs 12 +/- 1 mm Hg, respectively; P < .001). A 4% reduction in the caliber of(More)
BACKGROUND A number of ophthalmic findings including optic disc edema, globe flattening, and choroidal folds have been observed in several astronauts after long-duration space flights. The authors report the first astronaut with previously documented postflight ophthalmic abnormalities who developed new pathological changes after a repeat long-duration(More)
PURPOSE To report excellent and stable vision in an astronaut during space flight after bilateral cataract surgery with intraocular lenses. METHODS A 60-year-old physician mission specialist astronaut developed cataracts and underwent phacoemulsification with insertion of one-piece polymethylmethacrylate intraocular lenses that had 6-mm optics(More)
UNLABELLED This report documents the effects of photorefractive keratectomy (PRK) in an astronaut during a 12-day Russian Soyuz mission to the International Space Station in 2008. Changing environmental conditions of launch, microgravity exposure, and reentry create an extremely dynamic ocular environment. Although many normal eyes have repeatedly been(More)
BACKGROUND Several ophthalmic findings including optic disc swelling, globe flattening and choroidal folds have been observed in astronauts following long-duration space flight. The authors now report asymmetric choroidal expansion, disc swelling and optic disc morphologic changes in a 45-year-old astronaut which occurred during long-duration space flight(More)
BACKGROUND To describe the history, clinical findings, and possible pathogenic etiologies of the constellation of neuro-ophthalmic findings discovered in astronauts after long-duration space flight and to discuss the terrestrial implications of such findings. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION Retrospective review of published observational, longitudinal examination of(More)
Spontaneous venous pulsations seen on the optic nerve head (optic disc) are presumed to be caused by fluctuations in the pressure gradient between the intraocular and retrolaminar venous systems. The disappearance of previously documented spontaneous venous pulsations is a well‐recognized clinical sign usually associated with a rise in intracranial pressure(More)