Charles Raymond Brown

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Extreme climatic disturbances provide excellent opportunities to study natural selection in wild populations because they may cause measurable directional shifts in character traits. Insectivorous cliff swallows (Petrochelidon pyrrhonota) in the northern Great Plains must often endure periods of cold weather in late spring that reduce food availability, and(More)
Sizes of most kinds of animal groups vary considerably within a population, with group size often causing direct effects on the fitness of group members. Although the consequences of varying group size have been well studied, the causes of variation in group size remain poorly known for most animals. Groups might vary in size because different individuals(More)
High carotenoid potato may have particular value for human health due to the antioxidant properties and the therapeutic value for eye health in patients at risk for macular degeneration. Carotenoid concentrations were determined among the progeny of a cross between two high carotenoid lines derived from diploidPapa Amarilla germplasm from South America. The(More)
Comparisons across bird species have indicated that those more exposed to parasites and pathogens invest more in immunological defence, as measured by spleen size. We investigated how spleen volume varied with colony size, parasite load and an individual's colony-size history in the cliff swallow, Petrochelidon pyrrhonota, a colonial passerine bird of North(More)
Buggy Creek (BCR) virus is an arthropod-borne alphavirus that is naturally transmitted to its vertebrate host the cliff swallow (Petrochelidon pyrrhonota) by an invertebrate vector, namely the cimicid swallow bug (Oeciacus vicarius). We examined how the prevalence of the virus varied with the group size of both its vector and host. The study was conducted(More)
The content of compounds in potato that may act as antioxidants in the human diet is not widely appreciated. Carotenoids are present in the flesh of all potatoes. The contents mentioned in the literature range from 50 to 100 μg per 100 g fresh weight (FW) in white-fleshed varieties to 2000 μg per 100 g FW in deeply yellow to orange-fleshed cultivars. The(More)
Tetraploid (2n=4x=48) 2EBN Mexican wild species in the series Longipedicellata, which consists of Solanum fendleri, S. hjertingii, S. papita, S. polytrichon, and S. stoloniferum, were crossed with two 2EBN cultivated diploid (2n=2x=24) clones. The resulting triploid hybrids (2n=3x=36) produced 2n pollen (triplandroids) by the mechanism of parallel(More)
To determine roles of MHC class I and II genes in protection against Toxoplasma gondii, H-2 congenic and mutant mice were infected perorally with bradyzoites of T. gondii and brain cysts were enumerated 30 days later. As B10 mice (H-2b) are cyst susceptible and B10.A mice (H-2a) are cyst resistant, B10 congenic mice having the same alleles but different H-2(More)
Control of resistance to cyst burden following per-oral infection with Toxoplasma gondii has been mapped previously to a region of mouse chromosome 17 of approximately 140 kb. This region is contiguous with and contains the class I gene, Ld. Resistance to development of toxoplasmic encephalitis has also been reported to be controlled by genes in this region(More)
Glucocorticosteroids are a very effective treatment for asthma and other chronic inflammatory diseases. However, a small proportion of patients is resistant to the therapeutic effects of glucocorticoids. Pharmacokinetic and ligand binding studies suggest that the molecular abnormality in steroid resistance lies distal to nuclear translocation. We have(More)