Charles R. Tischler

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Grasslands worldwide have been invaded by woody species during the last200 years. Atmospheric CO2 enrichment may indirectly havefacilitatedinvasion by reducing soil water depletion by grasses. We used a two-stepcorrelative approach to test this hypothesis with the invasive and native shrubhoney mesquite (Prosopis glandulosa Torr. var.glandulosa). 1) Water(More)
Biomass accumulation of di€erent grass species can be quanti®ed by leaf area index (LAI) development, the Beer±Lambert light interception function, and a species-speci®c radiation-use eciency (RUE). The object of this ®eld study was to compare RUE values and leaf CO2 exchange rates (CER) for four C4 grasses. Biomass, LAI, and fraction of photosynthetically(More)
Journal of Plant Registrations, Vol. 3, No. 1, January 2009 99 Switchgrass (Panicum virgatum L.) is a warm-season, perennial bunchgrass that is native to North America. Historically, it has been used as a forage and conservation grass, but more recently, the grass has received considerable attention as a bioenergy crop for the production of cellulosic(More)
Germinating cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L. cv. Deltapine 16) cotyledons developed two peaks of in vitro nitrate reductase activity; the first was stable in vitro and appeared 24 hours after imbibition; and the second, which was extremely labile in vitro, began to develop after the seedlings had emerged and developed chlorophyll. Nitrite reductase activity(More)
Bahiagrass (Paspalum notatum Flugge) is a polymorphic species indigenous to South America which has become naturalized in the southeastern U.S. The most common form in the United States is Pensacola bahiagrass,P. notatum var.saurae Parodi., which is a valuable forage. Pensacola is a sexual diploid, while most other bahiagrasses are apomictic tetraploids.(More)
Traits that promote rapid growth and seedling recruitment when water is plentiful may become a liability when seedlings encounter drought. We tested the hypothesis that CO2 enrichment reinforces any tradeoff between growth rate and drought tolerance by exaggerating interspecific differences in maximum relative growth rate (RGR) and survivorship of drought(More)
Evidence from numerous sources indicates that atmospheric CO2 concentration has increased over the last 200 yr and will continue to increase in the foreseeable future. Much research is directed toward predicting the effects of this change on terrestrial vegetation. We quantified the effects of elevated CO2 (700 mL L ) on the seedling growth characteristics(More)
The genus Paspalum contains a number of important forage grasses, including P. dilatatum Poir. (dallisgrass) and P. notatum Flugge (bahiagrass). Even though many Paspalum species are adapted to moist, humid areas, they frequently are subjected to extended periods of drought stress which reduces forage productivity. This study was initiated to determine the(More)
In an attempt to incorporate variation into a uniform obligate apomict, plants of apomictic common dallisgrass, Paspalum dilatatum Poir., were regenerated from callus derived from immature inflorescences. Plants developed through both organogenesis and embryogenesis. A total of 682 regenerants were produced and more than 400 were transplanted into a field(More)
Aboveground growth of C4plants responds more strongly to atmospheric CO2 concentration when soil water is limiting rather than abundant. Whether the same is true of root growth and morphology, however, remains to be evaluated. We investigated interactive effects of CO2 and soil water on root growth and morphology of two C4 grasses. Seedlings of the dominant(More)