Learn More
It has long been thought that anteroposterior (A-P) pattern in the vertebrate central nervous system is induced in the embryo's dorsal ectoderm exclusively by signals passing vertically from underlying, patterned dorsal mesoderm. Explants from early gastrulae of the frog Xenopus laevis were prepared in which vertical contact between dorsal ectoderm and(More)
Students have learned the fundamental concepts and methods of control in ECE 421. Historically, these were developed for continuous-time systems and this is how they are covered in 421. These days most control systems are implemented in discrete time, using microcontrollers. So students looking for a career in control, or even doing a control related senior(More)
Ziconotide is a selective, potent and reversible blocker of neuronal N-type voltage-sensitive calcium channels (VSCCs). Morphine is an agonist of mu-opioid receptors and inhibits N-type VSCC channels via a G-protein coupling mechanism. Both agents are antinociceptive when they are administered intrathecally (spinally). The present study investigated the(More)
Epi 1, a monoclonal antibody, was generated against an epidermal specific epithelial antigen; it does not stain neural epithelium. We have used Epi 1 as a marker to determine when the spatial patterns delineating neural from nonneural epithelium become established. We used ventral ectoderm in a sandwich assay to show that signals from the central blastopore(More)
Xenopus laevis embryos were oriented and sectioned into six regions along one of three axes: animal-vegetal, dorsal-ventral, or right-left. Total RNA (predominantly ribosomal RNA) and poly riboadenylate [poly (A)] were measured for each region during early embryogenesis. The concentrations of both total RNA and poly(A) are nonuniformly distributed during(More)
Dorsal-ventral axis formation in Xenopus laevis begins with a cytoplasmic rotation during the first cell cycle and culminates in a series of cell interactions and movements during gastrulation and neurulation that lead to the formation of dorsal-anterior structures. Evidence reported here indicates that mitochondria are differentially redistributed along(More)
The induction of morphologically observable neural structures occurs as the result of tissue interactions between chordamesoderm and overlying ectoderm beginning at gastrulation. Since the future dorsal, and hence neural, side of the embryo is determined around the time of fertilization, we questioned whether the presumptive neural epithelium might have(More)
With the advent of space travel, it is of immediate interest and importance to study the effects of exposure to various aspects of the altered environment of space, including microgravity, on Earth-based life forms. Initial studies of space travel have focused primarily on the short-term effects of radiation and microgravity on adult organisms. However,(More)
A monoclonal antibody (Epi 1) has been produced that recognizes an antigen expressed in epidermal cells of Xenopus laevis embryos. The Epi 1 antigen appears in embryonic epidermis at the end of gastrulation and is not expressed in nonepidermal structures derived from ectoderm (for example, neural tube or cement gland). The capacity to express the Epi 1(More)
OBJECTIVE To describe and report the reliability of a portable, laptop-based, real-time, continuous physiologic data acquisition system (PDAS) that allows for synchronous recording of physiologic data, clinical events, and event markers at the bedside for physiologic research studies in the intensive care unit. DESIGN Descriptive report of new research(More)