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Microbes that couple growth to the reduction of manganese could play an important role in the biogeochemistry of certain anaerobic environments. Such a bacterium, Alteromonas putrefaciens MR-1, couples its growth to the reduction of manganese oxides only under anaerobic conditions. The characteristics of this reduction are consistent with a biological, and(More)
The cymA gene, which encodes a tetraheme cytochrome c, was cloned from Shewanella putrefaciens MR-1. This gene complemented a mutant which had a TnphoA insertion in cymA and which was deficient in the respiratory reduction of iron(III), nitrate, fumarate, and manganese(IV). The 561-bp nucleotide sequence of cymA encodes a protein of 187 amino acids with a(More)
When grown under anaerobic conditions, Shewanella putrefaciens MR-1 synthesizes multiple outer membrane (OM) cytochromes, some of which have a role in the use of insoluble electron acceptors (e.g., MnO2) for anaerobic respiration. The cytochromes OmcA and OmcB are localized to the OM and the OM-like intermediate-density membrane (IM) in MR-1. The components(More)
An oxidant pulse technique, with lactate as the electron donor, was used to study respiration-linked proton translocation in the manganese- and iron-reducing bacterium Shewanella putrefaciens MR-1. Cells grown anaerobically with fumarate or nitrate as the electron acceptor translocated protons in response to manganese (IV), fumarate, or oxygen. Cells grown(More)
Anaerobically grown cells of the metal-reducing bacterium Shewanella putrefaciens MR-1 contain multiple outer membrane (OM) cytochromes. A gene replacement mutant (strain OMCB1) lacking the OM cytochrome OmcB is markedly deficient in the reduction of MnO2 and exhibits reduced rates of Fe(III) reduction. The levels of other OM cytochromes are also decreased(More)
Shewanella putrefaciens MR-1 can reduce a diverse array of compounds under anaerobic conditions, including manganese and iron oxides, fumarate, nitrate, and many other compounds. These reductive processes are apparently linked to a complex electron transport system. Chromium (Cr) is a toxic and mutagenic metal and bacteria could potentially be utilized to(More)
The neutrophil (PMN) influx in the acute inflammatory response is associated with a local increase in vascular permeability and oedema. Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), a growth factor known to have potent vascular permeability-enhancing properties in addition to being an endothelial cell mitogen and a chemo-attractant for mononuclear cells, has(More)
Hexavalent chromium [Cr(VI)] compounds (e.g. chromates) are strong oxidants that readily enter cells where they are reduced to reactive Cr intermediates that can directly oxidize some cell components and can promote the generation of reactive oxygen and nitrogen species. Inhalation is a major route of exposure which directly exposes the bronchial(More)
Shewanella putrefaciens MR-1 possesses a complex electron transport system which facilitates its ability to use a diverse array of compounds as terminal electron acceptors for anaerobic respiration. A previous report described a mutant strain (CMTn-1) deficient in CymA, a tetraheme cytochrome c. However, the interpretation of the electron transport role of(More)
To investigate the mechanism of nitric oxide (NO) inhibition of aldosterone release, this study compared the effects of type A natriuretic peptide and heat-stable enterotoxin to a nitric oxide donor, deta nonoate, on cGMP production and angiotensin II-stimulated aldosterone synthesis ill primary cultures of bovine adrenal zona glomerulosa cells. Type A(More)