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In an effort to develop a rapid screening immunoassay for the presence of hemoglobin S (Hb S) in cord blood, we have produced a hybridoma (beta s-1) secreting a monoclonal antibody (MAb) with strict specificity for Hb S over hemoglobin (Hb A). A reactivity was observed for hemoglobin C (Hb C) that was weaker than that for Hb S but still greater than 10(3)(More)
The profound and life-threatening anemia in patients with Cooley's anemia is ascribed primarily to intramedullary hemolysis (ineffective erythropoiesis), the cause of which is obscure. Based on prior morphologic data showing nuclear abnormalities, we hypothesized that accelerated apoptosis could occur in these erythroid precursors. The highly successful(More)
The life threatening anemia in beta-thalassemia major (Cooley's anemia) is characterized by profound intramedullary lysis, the cause of which is incompletely understood. Using marrow obtained from beta thalassemia major patients undergoing allogeneic bone marrow transplantation in Pesaro Italy, it became possible to directly study the mechanism of the(More)
Prison populations are at increased risk of both human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and Mycobacterium tuberculosis infections, but among female inmates information on such risks remains scarce, especially in developing countries. Between October 1992 and November 1993, 350 women incarcerated at a prison in São Paulo, Brazil, were prospectively evaluated for(More)
A murine hybridoma was generated which secreted a monoclonal antibody (Mab) that specifically recognized the alpha 2(68)(E17)Asn----Lys beta 2 substitution of Hb G-Philadelphia. Hybridomas were produced by fusion of RBF/DnJ immune splenic lymphocytes with FOX-NY murine myeloma cells and selected in adenine-aminopterin-thymidine (AAT) medium. Culture fluids(More)
Direct macrophage recognition of an externalized phosphatidylserine signal on senescent erythrocytes is a process of erythrophagocytic clearance that is in line with the general clearance process of all other circulating cells that become apoptotic. Advances in deciphering this process suggest that oxidation of the erythrocyte's hemoglobin, the salient(More)
We have generated a murine hybridoma that secretes a monoclonal antibody (mAb) that is highly specific for hemoglobin C (HbC) [alpha 2 beta 2 6(A3)Glu----Lys] and shows no cross reactivity with HbA, HbA2, HbF, HbS, HbE, or Hb O-Arab. Using this antibody, we developed a simple and rapid enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) technique for the detection of(More)
A monoclonal antibody (mAb) that recognizes the gamma chain of human fetal hemoglobin (Hb F) has been produced by cell hybridization techniques. The mAb reacts with Hb F (alpha 2 gamma 2), Hb Bart's (gamma 4), and Hb Kenya (gamma-beta hybrid), but does not cross-react with Hb A (alpha 2 beta 2) or Hb A2 (alpha 2 delta 2). We describe a direct enzyme-linked(More)
This magnetic affinity immunoassay (MAIA) quantifies hemoglobins (Hb) S, C, and F in hemolysates from adults or newborns. Monospecific antisera to the hemoglobins are covalently conjugated to magnetic beads and reacted with the corresponding 125I-labeled hemoglobin. After centrifugation to separate the free and antibody-bound 125I-labeled hemoglobin, the(More)
Phospholipid asymmetry in the red blood cell (RBC) lipid bilayer is well maintained during the life of the cell, with phosphatidylserine (PS) virtually exclusively located in the inner monolayer. Loss of phospholipid asymmetry, and consequently exposure of PS, is thought to play an important role in red cell pathology. The anemia in the human thalassemias(More)