Charles R. Hamm

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OBJECTIVE To compare the efficacy and safety of a synthetic surfactant (Exosurf Neonatal, Burroughs Wellcome Co) and a surfactant extract of calf lung lavage (Infasurf, IND #27,169, ONY, Inc) in the prevention of neonatal respiratory distress syndrome (RDS). DESIGN AND SETTING Ten-center randomized masked comparison trial. PATIENTS Premature infants (n(More)
Alveolar macrophages are the sentinel cell for activation of the inflammatory cascade when the lung is exposed to noxious stimuli. We investigated the role of macrophages in mechanical lung injury by comparing the effect of high-volume mechanical ventilation with or without prior depletion of macrophages. Randomized sham-controlled animal study in(More)
Increased intra-abdominal pressure represents a difficult problem when closing abdominal wall defects (AWD) and can cause renal insufficiency and vascular injury to the intestine with the development of necrotizing enterocolitis. Urinary bladder pressure measurements have been shown to accurately reflect intra-abdominal pressure in animal models. This study(More)
BACKGROUND Morbid obesity produces a variety of ECG alterations, including leftward shifts of the P-wave, QRS, and T-wave axes; disproportionately high frequencies of low QRS voltage; left ventricular hypertrophy and left atrial abnormality; and a high frequency of T-wave flattening in the inferior and lateral leads. This study was designed to assess the(More)
Severe impairment of mucociliary transport (MCT) is a hallmark of cystic fibrosis (CF) lung disease. Recent studies demonstrate that pharmacologic inhibition of anion and liquid secretion in pig tracheas models the MCT defect in CF through depletion of the periciliary fluid component of airway surface liquid. In the present study, the effectiveness of(More)
OBJECTIVE To establish the limit between beneficial and futile management in the extremely preterm infant, born at the limit of viability, at 22 to 26 weeks of gestational age (GA). DESIGN Retrospective study (11-year study period). SETTING A tertiary regional neonatal unit. PARTICIPANTS Inborn infants (n = 841) with a birth weight of 1000 g or less(More)
OBJECTIVE Autologous blood transfusion from the placenta to the neonate at birth has been proven beneficial. Transfusion can be accomplished by either delayed cord clamping or cord stripping. Both are equally effective in previous randomized trials. We hypothesized that combining these 2 techniques would further improve outcomes in preterm neonates. STUDY(More)
A prototype time cycled, constant volume, closed circuit perfluorocarbon (PFC) total liquid ventilator system is described. The system utilizes microcontroller-driven display and master control boards, gear motor pumps, and three-way solenoid valves to direct flow. A constant tidal volume and functional residual capacity (FRC) are maintained with feedback(More)
Seventy-four patients with giant negative T waves were studied to determine which electrocardiographic variables predicted the presence of coronary artery disease. The absence of left ventricular hypertrophy and the presence of symmetric T-wave inversion predicted coronary artery disease.
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