Charles Pfister

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Protein thermal dynamics was evaluated by neutron scattering for halophilic malate dehydrogenase from Haloarcula marismortui (HmMalDH) and BSA under different solvent conditions. As a measure of thermal stability in each case, loss of secondary structure temperatures were determined by CD. HmMalDH requires molar salt and has different stability behavior in(More)
Fluoride activation of the cGMP cascade of vision requires the presence of aluminum, and is shown to be mediated by the binding of one A1F-4 to the GDP/GTP-binding subunit of transducin. The presence of GDP in the site is required: A1F-4 is ineffective when the site is empty or when GDP beta S is substituted for GDP. This sensitivity to the sulfur of GDP(More)
We show that dynamics of specific amino acids within a protein can be characterized by neutron spectroscopy and hydrogen-deuterium labeling, and we present data on the motions of a selected set of groups within bacteriorhodopsin (BR), the retinal-based proton pump in the purple membrane of halophilic Archaea. Elastic incoherent neutron scattering(More)
Fluoride activation of G proteins requires the presence of aluminium or beryllium and it has been suggested that AIF4- acts as an analogue of the gamma-phosphate of GTP in the nucleotide site. We have investigated the action of AIF4- or of BeF3- on transducin (T), the G protein of the retinal rods, either indirectly through the activation of cGMP(More)
In a statistical analysis of the amino acid compositions of 26 halophilic proteins, 24 showed an increase in acidic amino acids and a decrease in basic ones when compared to their non-halophilic homologues. The role of acidic residues in halophilic adaptation was investigated by site-directed mutagenesis of malate dehydrogenase (MalDH) from Haloarcula(More)
Retinal S antigen chromatographically purified from whole retina, induces experimental autoimmune uveoretinitis in laboratory animals. The 48K protein, a soluble protein found in rod outer segments, is purified through its specific binding to photoexcited rhodopsin and is involved in the quenching of light-induced guanosine(More)
L-Malate (MalDH) and L-lactate (LDH) dehydrogenases belong to the same family of NAD-dependent enzymes. LDHs are tetramers, whereas MalDHs can be either dimeric or tetrameric. To gain insight into molecular relationships between LDHs and MalDHs, we studied folding intermediates of a mutant of the LDH-like MalDH (a protein with LDH-like structure and MalDH(More)
Bacteriorhodopsin (BR) is a transmembrane protein in the purple membrane (PM) of Halobacterium salinarum. Its function as a light-driven proton pump is associated with a cycle of photointermediates which is strongly hydration-dependent. Using energy-resolved neutron scattering, we analyzed the thermal motions (in the nanosecond-to-picosecond time range) in(More)
The GTP-binding subunit of transducin (T alpha) activates the cGMP phosphodiesterase (PDE) of bovine retinal rods by relieving the constraint imposed by the inhibitory subunit PDE gamma. We have isolated and characterized the complex T alpha.GTP gamma S-PDE gamma formed when T alpha is activated by the nonhydrolyzable analog GTP gamma S. Sedimentation and(More)
cGMP-specific phosphodiesterase (PDE) of vertebrate retinal rod outer segments (ROS) is composed of two catalytic subunits (PDE alpha and PDE beta) and two identical inhibitory subunits (PDE gamma). Native PDE alpha beta gamma 2 is peripherally bound to the membranes of ROS discs. We studied quantitatively its partition between soluble and membrane-bound(More)