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Information Assurance and computer security are serious worldwide concerns of governments, industry, and academia. Computer security is one of the three new focal areas of the ACM/IEEE's Computer Science Curriculum update in 2008. This ACM/IEEE report describes, as the first of its three recent trends, "the emergence of security as a major area of concern."(More)
NOTICE: The project that is the subject of this report was approved by the Govern­ ing Board of the National Research Council, whose members are drawn from the councils of the National Academy of Sciences, the National Academy of Engineer­ ing, and the Institute of Medicine. The members of the committee responsible for the report were chosen for their(More)
This paper describes a program called ASSIST-V which is designed to provide students and other researchers with an environment in which they may write and analyze operating systems for the IBM 360/370 series of machines. ASSIST-V is an extended version of a student-oriented assembler/interpreter called ASSIST. A user of ASSIST-V is presented with a machine(More)
Cryptography has long been a useful, important tool for defensive computer security. Increasingly, however, attackers are using cryptographic techniques for the same reason as the defenders: to protect code's confidentiality and integrity. But in this case, the code is malicious. This paper reviews uses of encryption by writers of malicious code, through(More)