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BACKGROUND The role of walking, as compared with vigorous exercise, in the prevention of cardiovascular disease remains controversial. Data for women who are members of minority racial or ethnic groups are particularly sparse. METHODS We prospectively examined the total physical-activity score, walking, vigorous exercise, and hours spent sitting as(More)
A community-based survey was conducted during 1995-1997 of factors related to menopausal and other symptoms in a multi-racial/ethnic sample of 16,065 women aged 40-55 years. Each of seven sites comprising the Study of Women's Health across the Nation (SWAN) surveyed one of four minority populations and a Caucasian population. The largest adjusted prevalence(More)
OBJECTIVE Attitudes have a potential role to play in the experience of menopause. The objective of this study was to examine the degree to which attitudes toward menopause and aging vary across ethnic groups and menopausal status (ie, premenopausal through postmenopausal). METHODS More than 16,000 women were interviewed by telephone as part of the Study(More)
Factors were examined that might explain reported ethnic differences in leisure time physical activity (LTPA) between Mexican Americans (MAs) and European Americans (EAs). Data were from a random sample of 749 community-dwelling MAs and EAs, aged 65 and older, who participated in the San Antonio Longitudinal Study of Aging (SALSA) baseline examination.(More)
The purpose of this study was to compare ethnic differences in attitudes toward barriers and benefits of leisure-time physical activity (LTPA) in sedentary elderly Mexican (MAs) and European Americans (EAs). An in-home, cross-sectional survey was performed on 210 community-dwelling elders from 10 primary care practices in south Texas that are part of the(More)
Cancer screening is important for health promotion and is a key element in reducing the disparities in cancer morbidity and mortality. Mortality rates for colorectal cancer are more than 40% higher among African Americans than among other ethnic populations in the United States. The primary objective of the present study is to determine correlates of(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess whether cardiopulmonary resuscitation performed by in-house physicians is effective for long-term-care residents. DESIGN Retrospective chart review. SETTING Long-term-care facility with an intermediate care unit, skilled care unit, and a convalescent and assessment unit at a retirement community for veterans. PARTICIPANTS All(More)
Older African Americans constitute an expanding part of the elderly population in the United States. Although socioeconomic factors affect longevity and functional status more than race, African-American elders, as a whole, show poorer health status, as well as greater levels of financial strain and care-giver burden. Incidence rates of hypertension, heart(More)
OBJECTIVES To determine the rates and risk factors associated with hip fractures in the community-dwelling older Mexican-American population. DESIGN A prospective survey of a regional probability sample of older Mexican Americans aged 65 and over. SETTING The 1993-1996 Hispanic Established Population for the Epidemiologic Study of the Elderly (H-EPESE),(More)
This study examined whether widowhood was associated with physical and mental health, health behaviors, and health outcomes using a cross-sectional (N=72,247) and prospective (N=55,724) design in women aged 50-79 years participating in the Women's Health Initiative observational study (85.4% White). At baseline, married women reported better physical and(More)