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Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is associated with primary and secondary injury. A thorough understanding of secondary injury will help to develop effective treatments and improve patient outcome. In this study, the GM model of controlled cortical impact injury (CCII) of Lighthall (1988) was used with modification to induce lateral TBI in rats. Forebrain(More)
OBJECT Oxygen supply to the brain is often insufficient after traumatic brain injury (TBI), and this results in decreased energy production (adenosine triphosphate [ATP]) with consequent neuronal cell death. It is obviously important to restore oxygen delivery after TBI; however, increasing oxygen delivery alone may not improve ATP production if the(More)
Efficacy of N-acetylcysteine (NAC) in traumatic brain injury (TBI)-induced mitochondrial dysfunction was evaluated following controlled cortical impact injury in rats. Respiratory function and calcium transport of rat forebrain mitochondria from injured and uninjured hemispheres were examined. NAC significantly restored mitochondrial electron transfer,(More)
INTRODUCTION Arterial spin labeling (ASL) is a safe, noninvasive imaging method for evaluating cerebral blood flow (rCBF). The purpose of this article is to present ASL imaging features of 38 elderly cognitively normals (CN) with their rCBF values and an averaged profile of targeted anatomic regions rCBF values. METHODS Thirty-eight CN underwent MR(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE MR imaging of the brain has significant potential in the early detection of neurodegenerative disorders such as AD. The purpose of this work was to determine if perfusion MR imaging can be used to separate AD from normal cognition in individual subjects. We investigated the diagnostic utility of perfusion MR imaging for early(More)
We have recently demonstrated in a rat model that traumatic brain injury induces perturbation of cellular calcium homeostasis with an overload of cytosolic calcium and excessive calcium adsorbed on the mitochondrial membrane, consequently the mitochondrial respiratory chain-linked oxidative phosphorylation was impaired. We report the effect of a selective(More)
We recently demonstrated that posttraumatic administration of the N-type calcium channel blocker SNX-111 (S) and a novel blood-brain barrier penetrating antioxidant U-101033E (U), significantly alleviated mitochondrial dysfunction induced by traumatic brain injury (TBI) in rats. The present study was designed to determine whether a combination of S and U,(More)
In the present study, a severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) was produced over the right parietal cortex of rats using the controlled cortical impact injury (CCII) model. TBI perturbed calcium homeostasis and impaired electron transfer and energy coupling activities of forebrain mitochondria isolated from injured hemispheres with a maximal injury at 12-72 h.(More)
In the present study, we investigated the neural mechanisms of corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF) and the interactions among CRF, norepinephrine (NE), and N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) systems in the dentate gyrus (DG) of hippocampus in modulating the memory process of rats. One-way passive avoidance task was adopted. Results indicated that CRF (80 ng),(More)
The three-vessel occlusion model of Kameyama et al. (Kameyama, M., Suzuki, J., Shirane, R. and Ogawa, A. (1985) Stroke 16, 489-493) was adapted with modifications to induce complete reversible rat forebrain ischemia. A fast and simple procedure for the isolation and purification of rat brain mitochondria, which provides high yield, is described.(More)