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BACKGROUND Electrosurgical injuries occur during laparoscopic operations and are potentially serious. The overall incidence of recognized injuries is between one and two patients per 1,000 operations. The majority go unrecognized at the time of the electrical insult and commonly present three to seven days afterward with fever and pain in the abdomen. Since(More)
BACKGROUND Viable cancer cells may implant at distant sites and cause tumor recurrence. One possible mechanism is the inadvertent exfoliation of viable tumor cells during dissection. The ultrasonically activated scalpel (UAS) uses ultrasonic energy to disrupt tissues by cavitation and produces a dense cloud of cellular debris that may contain viable cells.(More)
OBJECTIVE There is little research into analyzing whether facial expression changes are secondary to actual treatment or normal day-to-day variation. This study aims to ascertain whether nine-facial expressions were reproducible. SUBJECTS AND METHODS Thirty-nine white subjects performed nine-facial expressions, captured by three-dimensional(More)
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS To determine the uptake and usage of websites and social media (SM) by UK consultant (attending) plastic surgeons. METHODS Professional profiles of full BAPRAS members were searched on Facebook, Twitter, LinkedIn, RealSelf, YouTube, ResearchGate in May 2013. Additional surgeons were identified from the follower lists of @BAPRASvoice(More)
BACKGROUND Reduction in lip volume is a stigmata of the aging face. There are many lip augmentation techniques but very few studies analyzing how these techniques change the three-dimensional structure of the lips. Furthermore, there is no consensus about whether the lip position should be standardized to either the lips closed or parted. The aim of this(More)
The nature of laparoscopic surgery makes it likely to benefit from current and future developments in virtual reality and telepresence technology. High-definition screens, three-dimensional sensory feedback and remote dextrous manipulation will be the next major developments in laparoscopic surgery. Simulators may be used in surgical training and in the(More)
INTRODUCTION Rubin observed that there was a great deal of variation in smiles. [Rubin LR. The anatomy of a smile: its importance in the treatment of facial paralysis. Plast Reconstr Surg 1974;53:384-7] Smile reconstruction requires an understanding of the facial movements that occur during a normal smile. Facial reanimation should be tailored for each(More)
BACKGROUND Prolonged and complex laparoscopic procedures expose patients to large volumes of cool insufflation gas. The aim of this study was to compare the effects of a conventional room temperature carbon dioxide (CO2) pneumoperitoneum with those of a body temperature pneumoperitoneum. METHODS Patients were randomized to undergo laparoscopic(More)
BACKGROUND Recent work has shown that intraoperative hypothermia is a significant source of surgical trauma, with wide-ranging physiological and immunological sequelae. The aim of this study was to examine the effects of intraperitoneal hypothermia during laparoscopy on tumor growth in an animal model. METHODS Thirty WAG rats were randomized to undergo(More)