Charles Nduka

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BACKGROUND Reduction in lip volume is a stigmata of the aging face. There are many lip augmentation techniques but very few studies analyzing how these techniques change the three-dimensional structure of the lips. Furthermore, there is no consensus about whether the lip position should be standardized to either the lips closed or parted. The aim of this(More)
OBJECTIVE There is little research into analyzing whether facial expression changes are secondary to actual treatment or normal day-to-day variation. This study aims to ascertain whether nine-facial expressions were reproducible. SUBJECTS AND METHODS Thirty-nine white subjects performed nine-facial expressions, captured by three-dimensional(More)
PURPOSE There is increasing focus on the effects of gravity and age on facial appearance. Understanding these effects on facial morphology requires an accurate means of measuring surface topography. We present a preliminary study on the changes in facial topographic landmarks in a cohort of mothers and their daughters. MATERIALS AND METHODS The faces of(More)
Seventy-one plastic surgeons and therapists, of varying levels of seniority and experience, were asked to examine a resin cast of an adult male hand and use estimation to measure the angles of the metacarpophalangeal and interphalangeal joints of each digit. Visual estimation by all subjects was inaccurate by a mean of approximately 25% (median percentage(More)
Qualitative interviews with ten women found that following corrective surgery for congenital breast asymmetry, women were still concerned with the symmetry of their breasts and expressed high ideals regarding symmetry. Although women found an improvement in body confidence, some felt their confidence and socializing would be further improved with time.(More)
Temporalis transfers for reanimation in facial palsy have been criticised for the lack of neural input from a functioning facial nerve. Cross-facial nerve grafting to the deep temporal nerves may provide a solution. An anatomical study was performed to further elucidate the deep temporal nerves (DTN) and arteries, examining anatomical variation and(More)
INTRODUCTION The deep inferior epigastric perforator (DIEP) flap is currently viewed as the gold standard in autologous breast reconstruction. We studied three-dimensional computed tomography angiography (CTA) in 145 patients undergoing free abdominal flap breast reconstruction to try to correlate deep inferior epigastric artery (DIEA) branching pattern(More)
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