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The human endogenous intestinal microflora is an essential "organ" in providing nourishment, regulating epithelial development, and instructing innate immunity; yet, surprisingly, basic features remain poorly described. We examined 13,355 prokaryotic ribosomal RNA gene sequences from multiple colonic mucosal sites and feces of healthy subjects to improve(More)
OBJECTIVE We sought to identify central loci that activate in response to visceral stimuli (stool and pain). We had a particular interest in observing the anterior cingulate gyrus and frontal cortex in normals and in patients with intestinal disease, including inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). METHODS Subjects underwent(More)
B one disease is a major complication of chronic liver disease (CLD) and liver transplantation and can result in spontaneous or low-trauma fracturing that significantly impacts on morbidity, quality of life, and even survival. The etiology of these disorders is complex and multifactorial. The general biology and pathogenesis of osteoporosis, including its(More)
Psycho-neuro-endocrine-immune modulation through the brain-gut axis likely has a key role in the pathogenesis of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). The brain-gut axis involves interactions among the neural components, including (1) the autonomic nervous system, (2) the central nervous system, (3) the stress system (hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis), (4)(More)
The aim of this study was to assess the accuracy and utility of administrative health data in identifying persons with inflammatory bowel disease on a population basis and to determine the incidence and prevalence of this disease in the Canadian province of Manitoba. The data from Manitoba Health (the province's single insurer) were used to identify(More)
Chronic symptoms of abdominal pain and discomfort are reported by patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and functional disorders of the gut, such as Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS). It has recently been suggested that transient inflammatory mucosal events may result in long-lasting sensitization of visceral afferent pathways. To determine the effect(More)
The recommended approach to the increased risk of colorectal carcinoma in ulcerative colitis has been colonoscopic surveillance rather than prophylactic colectomy. This strategy is based on the assumption that dysplastic lesions can be detected before invasive cancer has developed. We have analysed published reports on dysplasia surveillance to find out(More)
BACKGROUND The reliability of self-report regarding health care utilization in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is unknown. If proven reliable, it could help justify self-report as a means of determining health care utilization and associated costs. METHODS The Manitoba IBD Cohort Study is a population-based longitudinal study of participants diagnosed(More)
There is renewed enthusiasm for exploring the possibility that Mycobacterium paratuberculosis may be causative in Crohn's disease (CD). We aimed to determine whether CD subjects are more likely to be M. paratuberculosis seropositive than controls. Using our population-based University of Manitoba Inflammatory Bowel Disease Research Registry, we recruited CD(More)