Charles Mosier

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The pituitary hormones adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH), beta-endorphin, and alpha-melanocyte stimulating hormone (alpha-MSH) are synthesized by proteolytic processing of their common proopiomelanocortin (POMC) precursor. Key findings from this study show that cathepsin L functions as a major proteolytic enzyme for the production of POMC-derived peptide(More)
Regulated secretion of neurotransmitters and neurohumoral factors from dense core secretory vesicles provides essential neuroeffectors for cell-cell communication in the nervous and endocrine systems. This study provides comprehensive proteomic characterization of the categories of proteins in chromaffin dense core secretory vesicles that participate in(More)
The production of the peptide hormones ACTH, alpha-MSH, and beta-endorphin requires proteolytic processing of POMC which is hypothesized to utilize dual cysteine- and subtilisin-like protease pathways, consisting of the secretory vesicle cathepsin L pathway and the well-known subtilisin-like prohormone convertase (PC) pathway. To gain knowledge of these(More)
Proteases are required for processing precursors into active neuropeptides that function as neurotransmitters for cell-cell communication. This study demonstrates the novel function of human cathepsin V protease for producing the neuropeptides enkephalin and neuropeptide Y (NPY). Cathepsin V is a human-specific cysteine protease gene. Findings here show(More)
Beta-amyloid (Aβ) peptides are secreted from neurons, resulting in extracellular accumulation of Aβ and neurodegeneration of Alzheimer's disease. Because neuronal secretion is fundamental for the release of neurotransmitters, this study assessed the hypothesis that Aβ undergoes co-release with neurotransmitters. Model neuronal-like chromaffin cells were(More)
Proteases within secretory vesicles are required for conversion of neuropeptide precursors into active peptide neurotransmitters and hormones. This study demonstrates the novel cellular role of the cysteine protease cathepsin L for producing the (Met)enkephalin peptide neurotransmitter from proenkephalin (PE) in the regulated secretory pathway of(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS N-truncated pyroglutamate (pGlu)-amyloid-β [Aβ(3-40/42)] peptides are key components that promote Aβ peptide accumulation, leading to neurodegeneration and memory loss in Alzheimer's disease. Because Aβ deposition in the brain occurs in an activity-dependent manner, it is important to define the subcellular organelle for pGlu-Aβ(3-40/42)(More)
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