Charles Michael Bowers

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We evaluated the use of a lateral thoracoscopic approach for lung reduction surgery in patients with diffuse emphysema. Sixty-seven patients with a mean age of 61.9 years underwent operation. Operative side was determined by preoperative imaging. The procedures were laser ablation in 10 patients and stapler resection in 57 patients. Ten patients, including(More)
INTRODUCTION Opinions differ regarding differences between totally muscle-sparing thoracotomy and standard lateral thoracotomy approaches to pulmonary resection with respect to operative time, postoperative pain and morbidity, and occurrence of chronic postthoracotomy pain syndromes and subjective shoulder dysfunction. METHODS Three hundred thirty-five(More)
BACKGROUND Patients with diffuse pulmonary infiltrates often require biopsy for a diagnosis. Standard operative therapy, open wedge resection via thoracotomy, is associated with known morbidity. We hypothesized that closed thoracoscopic wedge resection may result in reduced morbidity and decreased duration of hospital stay. This retrospective study compares(More)
One hundred thirty-eight consecutive, nonrandomized patients, with equivalent demographic and preoperative physiologic parameters, underwent either a video-assisted thoracic surgical (VATS) approach (n = 81) or a limited lateral thoracotomy (LLT) approach (n = 57) to accomplish pulmonary resection for peripheral lung lesions (< or = 3 cm in diameter). Wedge(More)
This article introduces the dental investigator to the basic concepts of digital imaging techniques as they apply to crime scene photographic evidence. In all aspects of forensic dentistry, analytical comparison methods demand rigorous attention to scale dimensions and the detection of photographic distortion in images of forensic interest. Dental(More)
Advances in endoscopic surgical equipment and laser technology have expanded the role of thoracoscopy to include thoracoscopic pulmonary resection. Eighty-five thoracoscopic pulmonary resections were performed on 61 consecutive patients with small lesions (less than 3 cm) in the outer third of the lung. Patients with preoperative histologic evidence of(More)
The aging of bitemarks through the subjective interpretation of visual signs has created an area of controversy in the forensic science community. The healing dynamics of these bite wounds has been insufficiently studied and is poorly understood. A review of the literature related to bitemark aging was undertaken in an effort to summarize the currently(More)
1. What is the literature on bitemark production and the factors that affect it, including but not Abstract Methods of enzyme histochemistry can reveal vital changes around skin wounds and burns inflicted about one hour before death. This is about 8 times earlier than was possible before, when only histological methods were used. Histochemical methods act(More)
BACKGROUND The malignant potential of indeterminate solitary pulmonary nodules (SPN) mandates accurate diagnostic management. METHODS 613 patients undergoing either computed tomographic lung biopsy (CT-Bx) (n = 312) or thoracoscopic excisional biopsy (Thor-Bx) (n = 301) for the diagnosis of SPN were evaluated for relative accuracy, complications, and(More)
Microsporidia are ubiquitous obligate eukaryotic intracellular parasites that are now felt to be more akin to degenerate fungi than to protozoa. Microsporidia can be highly pathogenic, causing a broad range of symptoms in humans, especially individuals who are immunocompromised. The vast majority of human cases of microsporidiosis have been reported during(More)