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Inflammatory caspases are essential effectors of inflammation and cell death. Here, we investigated their roles in colitis and colorectal cancer and report a bimodal regulation of intestinal homeostasis, inflammation and tumorigenesis by caspases-1 and -12. Casp1(-/-) mice exhibited defects in mucosal tissue repair and succumbed rapidly after dextran(More)
The blaIMP gene coding for the IMP-1 metallo-beta-lactamase produced by a Pseudomonas aeruginosa clinical isolate (isolate 101/1477) was overexpressed via a T7 expression system in Escherichia coli BL21 (DE3), and its product was purified to homogeneity with a final yield of 35 mg/liter of culture. The structural and functional properties of the enzyme(More)
Autism is a heterogeneous neuropsychiatric syndrome of unknown etiology. There is evidence that a deficiency in the enzyme adenylosuccinate lyase (ADSL), essential for de novo purine biosynthesis, could be involved in the pathogenesis of certain cases. A point mutation in the ADSL gene, resulting in a predicted serine-to-proline substitution and conferring(More)
Treatment of mice with the carcinogen azoxymethane (AOM) induces a number of lesions in the colon, including hyperplastic lesions, as well adenomas and carcinomas in situ. Inbred strains of mice show different responses to AOM-induced carcinogenesis. A/J mice are highly susceptible and develop a greater number of hyperplastic lesions and tumors (15-70(More)
We have previously shown that the differential susceptibility of A/J (susceptible) and C57BL/6J (B6, resistant) mouse strains to azoxymethane (AOM)-induced colorectal cancer (CRC) is controlled by the chromosome 3 locus, Ccs3. We report that A/J and B6 mice also show differential susceptibility to colitis-associated colorectal cancer (CA-CRC) induced by(More)
We used a genome-wide screen in mutagenized mice to identify genes which inactivation protects against lethal neuroinflammation during experimental cerebral malaria (ECM). We identified an ECM-protective mutation in coiled-coil domain containing protein 88b (Ccdc88b), a poorly annotated gene that is found expressed specifically in spleen, bone marrow, lymph(More)
Colorectal cancer (CRC) is a multistep disease that involves a two-way interaction between a complex genetic pre-disposition component, and a set of poorly understood extrinsic environmental factors. In mice, CRC can be induced by treatment with azoxymethane (AOM). Using a set of AcB/BcA recombinant congenic strains derived from CRC-susceptible A/J and(More)
The Ccs3 locus on mouse chromosome 3 regulates differential susceptibility of A/J (A, susceptible) and C57BL/6J (B6, resistant) mouse strains to chemically-induced colorectal cancer (CRC). Here, we report the high-resolution positional mapping of the gene underlying the Ccs3 effect. Using phenotype/genotype correlation in a series of 33 AcB/BcA recombinant(More)
Modern field programmable gate array (FPGA) chips, with their larger memory capacity and reconfigurability potential, are opening new frontiers in rapid prototyping of embedded systems. With the advent of high-density FPGAs, it is now possible to implement a high-performance VLIW (very long instruction word) processor core in an FPGA. With VLIW(More)
Modern FPGA chips, with their larger memory capacity and reconfigurability potential, are opening new frontiers in rapid prototyping of embedded systems. With the advent of high density FPGAs it is now possible to implement a high performance Very Long Instruction Word (VLIW) processor core in an FPGA. With VLIW architecture, the processor effectiveness(More)