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OBJECTIVE To evaluate the accuracy of functional MRI (fMRI) at 3T, as currently used in the preoperative mapping of language areas, compared with direct cortical stimulation (DCS) during awake surgery, in patients with supratentorial gliomas; and to identify clinical, histopathologic,and radiologic factors associated with fMRI/DCS discrepancies. METHODS(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Type 2 FCD is one of the main causes of drug-resistant partial epilepsy. Its detection by MR imaging has greatly improved surgical outcomes, but it often remains overlooked. Our objective was to determine the prevalence of typical MR imaging criteria for type 2 FCD, to provide a precise MR imaging pattern, and to optimize its(More)
PURPOSE Type 2 focal cortical dysplasia (FCD2) is one of the main causes of refractory partial epilepsy, but often remains overlooked by MRI. This study aimed to elucidate whether 3T MRI offers better detection and characterization of FCD2 than 1.5T, using similar coils and acquisition time. METHODS Two independent readers reviewed the 1.5T and 3T MR(More)
OBJECTIVE To analyze the electroclinical features and the relationship between the epileptogenic zone (EZ), the tumor and focal cortical dysplasia (FCD) in the three histologic subtypes of dysembryoplastic neuroepithelial tumors (DNTs) ("simple", "complex" and "non-specific forms"). METHODS We analyzed electroclinical data from 78 patients (50 males; 3-54(More)
BACKGROUND Glioma follow-up is based on MRI parameters, which are correlated with survival. Although established criteria are used to evaluate tumor response, radiological markers may be confounded by differences in instrumentation including the magnetic field strength. We assessed whether MRIs obtained at 3 Tesla (T) and 1.5T provided similar information.(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the diagnostic accuracy and prognostic value of ¹⁸FDG-PET in a recent series of patients operated for intractable partial epilepsy associated with histologically proven Taylor-type focal cortical dysplasia (TTFCD) and negative MRI. METHODS Of 23 consecutive patients (12 male, 7-38 years old) with negative 1.5-Tesla MRI, 10 exhibited(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine optimal resections in the 3 dysembryoplastic neuroepithelial tumor (DNT) histologic subtypes (simple, complex, and nonspecific) based on MRI features. METHODS In 78 consecutive epilepsy patients operated for DNT, MRI features were classified as follows: type 1 (cystic/polycystic-like, well-delineated, strongly hypointense T1), type(More)
PURPOSE To compare the occurrence of several central sulcus variants and to assess the reproducibility of a sulcal pattern named the power button sign (PBS) in patients with type 2 focal cortical dysplasia (FCD2) and healthy control subjects. MATERIALS AND METHODS The local institutional review board approved the study, and written informed consent was(More)
OBJECTIVES The aim of our study was to evaluate, in acute ischemic stroke patients, the diagnostic accuracy of the MRI susceptibility vessel sign (SVS) against catheter angiography (DSA) for the detection of the clot and its value in predicting clot location and length. MATERIALS AND METHODS We identified consecutive patients (2006-2012) admitted to our(More)
PURPOSE We investigated the relationship between tumor blood-flow measurement based on perfusion-imaging by arterial spin-labeling (ASL) and histopathologic findings in adults' primitive glial tumours. PATIENTS AND METHODS Thus, 40 primitive brain tumors (8 low-grade and 32 high-grade gliomas according to the Sainte-Anne classification) were imaged using(More)