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Publications relating brainstem radiation toxicity to quantitative dose and dose-volume measures derived from three-dimensional treatment planning were reviewed. Despite the clinical importance of brainstem toxicity, most studies reporting brainstem effects after irradiation have fewer than 100 patients. There is limited evidence relating toxicity to small(More)
Treatment planning tools that use biologically related models for plan optimization and/or evaluation are being introduced for clinical use. A variety of dose-response models and quantities along with a series of organ-specific model parameters are included in these tools. However, due to various limitations, such as the limitations of models and available(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate a hybrid intensity modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) technique as a class solution for treatment of the intact breast. METHODS AND MATERIALS The following five plan techniques were compared for 10 breast patients using dose-volume histogram analysis: conventional wedged-field tangents (Tangents), forward-planned field-within-a-field(More)
Publications relating radiation toxicity of the optic nerves and chiasm to quantitative dose and dose-volume measures were reviewed. Few studies have adequate data for dose-volume outcome modeling. The risk of toxicity increased markedly at doses >60 Gy at approximately 1.8 Gy/fraction and at >12 Gy for single-fraction radiosurgery. The evidence is strong(More)
The National Radiation Oncology Registry (NROR), sponsored by the Radiation Oncology Institute and the American Society for Radiation Oncology, is designed to collect standardized information on cancer care delivery among patients treated with radiotherapy in the United States and will focus on patients with prostate cancer. Stakeholders were engaged(More)
We report on the utility of forward-planned, 3-dimensional (3D), multiple-segment tangential fields for radiation treatment of patients with breast cancer. The technique accurately targets breast tissue and the tumor bed and reduces dose inhomogeneity in the target. By decreasing excess dose to the skin and lung, a concomitant boost to the tumor bed can be(More)
PURPOSE Stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) is being applied more widely for oligometastatic disease. This technique is now being used for non-spine bony metastases in addition to liver, spine, and lung. However, there are few studies examining the toxicity and outcomes of SBRT for non-spine bone metastases. METHODS AND MATERIALS Between 2008 and(More)
Radiation therapy has been integral to cancer patient care. The skin is an intentional and unintentional target of therapy, and is sensitive to the volume of normal tissue in the radiation therapy treatment field, daily treatment dose (fractionation), and total treatment dose. We must understand the relationship of these factors to patient outcome as we(More)
PURPOSE Initial experience with delivering frameless stereotactic radiotherapy (SRT) using volumetric intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) delivered with RapidArc is presented. METHODS AND MATERIALS Treatment details for 12 patients (14 targets) with a mean clinical target volume (CTV) of 12.8 ± 4.0 cm(3) were examined. Dosimetric indices for(More)
BACKGROUND Stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) is evolving into a standard of care for unresectable lung nodules. Local control has been shown to be in excess of 90% at 3 years. However, some patients present with synchronous lung nodules in the ipsilateral or contralateral lobe or metasynchronous disease. In these cases, patients may receive multiple(More)