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Shake-and-Bake is a direct-methods procedure which has provided ab initio solutions for protein structures containing as many as 1000 independent non-H atoms. This algorithm extends the range of conventional direct methods by repetitively, unconditionally and automatically alternating reciprocal-space phase refinement with filtering in real space to impose(More)
We have determined single crystal structures of an A-DNA decamer and a B-DNA dodecamer at 0.83 and 0.95 A, respectively. The resolution of the former is the highest reported thus far for any right-handed nucleic acid duplex and the quality of the diffraction data allowed determination of the structure with direct methods. The structures reveal unprecedented(More)
The short-chain oxidoreductase (SCOR) family of enzymes includes over 2000 members identified in sequenced genomes. Of these enzymes, approximately 200 have been characterized functionally, and the three-dimensional crystal structures of approximately 40 have been reported. Since some SCOR enzymes are involved in hypertension, diabetes, breast cancer, and(More)
The determination of the anomalous scattering substructure is the first essential step in any successful macromolecular structure determination using the multiwavelength anomalous diffraction (MAD) technique. The diffE method of calculating difference Es in conjunction with SnB has had considerable success in determining large Se-atom substructures. An(More)
The crystal structure of triclinic lysozyme, comprised of 1,001 non-H protein atoms and approximately 200 bound water molecules, has been determined ab initio (using native data alone) by the "Shake-and-Bake" method by using the computer program SnB. This is the largest structure determined so far by the SnB program. Initial experiments, using default SnB(More)
The minimal function, R(psi), has been used to provide the basis for a new computer-intensive direct-methods procedure that shows potential for providing fully automatic routine solutions for structures in the 200-400 atom range. This procedure, which has been called shake-and-bake, is an iterative process in which real-space filtering is alternated with(More)
beta-ketoacyl (acyl carrier protein) reductase (beta-k-ACPR) enzymes are essential to fatty acid synthesis in bacteria. The analyses revealed the most primitive member of the beta-k-ACPRs family was a NADP reductase where NADP was recognised by a Thr residue in the beta2alpha3 turn. Aromatic residue stacking at the dimer interface and a previously(More)
The x-ray structure of a short-chain dehydrogenase, the bacterial holo 3 alpha,20 beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase (EC 1.1.1.53), is described at 2.6 A resolution. This enzyme is active as a tetramer and crystallizes with four identical subunits in the asymmetric unit. It has the alpha/beta fold characteristic of the dinucleotide binding region. The fold(More)
  • C. M. Weeks, R. H. BlessingI, +4 authors W. FureyIV
  • 2003
The direct-methods program SnB provides an efficient means for solving protein substructures containing many heavy-atom sites (current record: 160). In order to meet the high-throughput requirements of structural genomics projects, substructure determination needs to be tightly integrated with other aspects of the protein-phasing process. This has been(More)
Conotoxins are valuable probes of receptors and ion channels because of their small size and highly selective activity. alpha-Conotoxin EpI, a 16-residue peptide from the mollusk-hunting Conus episcopatus, has the amino acid sequence GCCSDPRCNMNNPDY(SO3H)C-NH2 and appears to be an extremely potent and selective inhibitor of the alpha3beta2 and alpha3beta4(More)