Learn More
Incubation of purified rat brain Ca2+/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II for 2 min in the presence of Ca2+, calmodulin (CaM), Mg2+, and ATP converted the kinase from a completely Ca2+-dependent kinase to a substantially Ca2+-independent form with little loss of total activity. Subsequent addition of EGTA to the autophosphorylation reaction enhanced(More)
Two novel isoforms of the Ca2+/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II delta subunit were detected in rat aorta. Identification of the subunits was based on two independent lines of evidence, i.e. detection by immunoblotting of differently sized delta subunits and DNA sequence analysis of partial cDNA clones of the kinase. Cytosolic extracts from rat brain,(More)
Fractional volumes of lysosomal-vacuolar elements and long lived protein degradation were quantitatively correlated in rat livers perfused in the single pass mode with varying levels of plasma amino acids. Volumes were determined stereologically; degradation was measured in a second stage cyclic perfusion from the linear accumulation of valine in the(More)
Amino acid deprivation and glucagon are both potent inducers of autography and proteolysis in liver. Because glucagon enhanced the metabolic utilization of some amino acids, the catabolic response to both of these stimuli could be achieved by a lowering of intracellular amino acid pools. Alternatively, glucagon could act independently of amino acids. To(More)
Two peptide analogs of Ca2+/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II (CaMK-(peptides)) were synthesized and used to probe interactions of the various regulatory domains of the kinase. CaMK-(281-289) contained only Thr286, the major Ca2+-dependent autophosphorylation site of the kinase (Schworer, C. M., Colbran, R. J., Keefer, J. R. & Soderling, T. R. (1988)(More)
Exposure of cultured rat aortic vascular smooth muscle (VSM) cells to the Ca2+ ionophore ionomycin produced an increase in extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1/2 (ERK1/2) activity that was maximal between 2 and 5 minutes but then declined to basal values within 20 minutes of stimulation. Elevation of [Ca2+]i in VSM cells leads to an even more rapid(More)
Renal injury is known to trigger upregulation of many intracellular signal proteins, but those most sensitive in responding to renal injury remain debatable. We used gene microarray analysis to compare gene expression in rat kidneys subjected to early ischemia-reperfusion injury (30 min of renal ischemia and 3 hr of reperfusion) with non-ischemic kidneys as(More)
Calcium/calmodulin (CaM)-dependent protein kinase II (CaM-kinase II) contained within the postsynaptic density (PSD) was shown to become partially Ca2+-independent following initial activation by Ca2+/CaM. Generation of this Ca2+-independent species was dependent upon autophosphorylation of both subunits of the enzyme in the presence of Mg2+/ATP/Ca2+/CaM(More)
Protein kinase C (PKC) has been proposed to be involved in the regulation of vascular smooth muscle (VSM) contractile activity. However, little is known in detail about the activation of this kinase or specific isozymes of this kinase by contractile stimuli in VSM. As an index of PKC activation, Ca(2+)- and phospholipid-dependent histone IIIS kinase(More)
BACKGROUND Abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) is a complex disorder with multiple genetic risk factors. Using affected relative pair linkage analysis, we previously identified an AAA susceptibility locus on chromosome 19q13. This locus has been designated as the AAA1 susceptibility locus in the Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (OMIM) database. METHODS(More)