Charles M. Schmidt

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(NIST) promotes the U.S. economy and public welfare by providing technical leadership for the nation " s measurement and standards infrastructure. ITL develops tests, test methods, reference data, proof of concept implementations, and technical analysis to advance the development and productive use of information technology. ITL " s responsibilities include(More)
AIM To evaluate whether apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) measurements from diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) can characterize or predict the malignant potential of cystic pancreatic lesions. MATERIALS AND METHODS Retrospective review of the magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) database over a 2-year period revealed 136 patients with cystic pancreatic(More)
OBJECTIVE Differentiation of esophageal variceal hemorrhage from other sources of the GI tract is often difficult. This is a prospective investigation of the significance of the white nipple sign in patients with recent esophageal variceal hemorrhage. METHODS One hundred sixty-six patients with recent variceal hemorrhage were prospectively studied with(More)
BACKGROUND Most patients with pancreatic cancer are not candidates for curative resection. The goal of this study was to evaluate the safety of an intraoperative ultrasound-guided cryosurgical procedure in a phase I study of unresectable pancreatic cancer. METHODS From March 1995 to March 1999, 10 cryosurgeries using intraoperative ultrasound were(More)
(NIST) promotes the U.S. economy and public welfare by providing technical leadership for the nation's measurement and standards infrastructure. ITL develops tests, test methods, reference data, proof of concept implementations, and technical analysis to advance the development and productive use of information technology. ITL's responsibilities include the(More)
promotes the U.S. economy and public welfare by providing technical leadership for the nation's measurement and standards infrastructure. ITL develops tests, test methods, reference data, proof of concept implementations, and technical analysis to advance the development and productive use of information technology. ITL's responsibilities include the(More)
AIM To investigate the sensitivity and specificity of computed tomography (CT), positron-emission tomography (PET), and both methods in combination, for determining whether cystic pancreatic tumours are malignant. MATERIALS AND METHODS We retrospectively identified all patients with cystic pancreatic tumours who underwent separate PET and(More)
Forearm fractures are some of the most common injuries in childhood. Monteggia fractures and Monteggia equivalents are rare injuries of the proximal forearm, but they are important because of their special biomechanics. Many authors have reported good results with excellent function if the Monteggia injuries are diagnosed primarily and treated by an axial(More)
This paper presents a simple method for modeling and rendering refractive objects that are nested within each other. The technique allows the use of simpler scene geometry and can even improve rendering time in some images. The algorithm can be easily added into an existing ray tracer and makes no assumptions about the drawing primitives that have been(More)
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