Charles M. Schmidt

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Trophoblast, the only fetal tissue in direct contact with maternal cells, fails to express the polymorphic HLA class I molecules HLA-A and -B, but does express the nonpolymorphic class I molecule HLA-G. It is thought that HLA-G may provide some of the functions of a class I molecule without stimulating maternal immune rejection of the fetal semiallograft.(More)
The human MHC class I gene, HLA-G, is unique among members of the class I gene family in that it is nonpolymorphic, and expression is primarily restricted to extraembryonic tissues. To examine regulatory elements that direct tissue- and cell lineage-specific expression of this gene, transgenic mice expressing HLA-G have been established. In this study, in(More)
The unique pattern of class I major histocompatibility complex (MHC) antigen expression seen at the human maternal/fetal interface is thought to be vital for fetal well-being. The lack of polymorphic class I and II MHC antigens on trophoblasts, the only fetal tissue in direct contact with the mother, is likely to be at least a part of the explanation of(More)
Experiments designed to identify all HLA class I genes led to the cloning of the HLA-G gene (Geraghty et al. 1987). Very low levels of HLA-G mRNA expression have been demonstrated in the eye, thymus, peripheral blood lymphocytes and in keratinocytes (Shukla et al. 1990, Ishitani & Geraghty 1992, Kirszenbaum et al. 1994, Ulbrecht et al. 1994). Higher levels(More)
HLA-G, a nonclassical class I molecule, is expressed by trophoblasts, the only fetal cells in direct contact with maternal tissue. Results of previous experiments suggested that a 244-bp region located over 1 kb 5' from exon 1 is critical for extraembryonic expression of HLA-G in transgenic mice. We report here the production of HLA-G transgenic lines with(More)
The rhoptries of Plasmodium falciparum are formed during a restricted period in the asexual erythrocytic cycle. The steps required for rhoptry biogenesis and the pathway for targeting proteins to the rhoptries have not been elucidated. Using the maturation of the Rhoptry-Associated Protein 1 (RAP-1) gene product to study these steps, it is reported here(More)
The class I region of the human leukocyte antigen (HLA) complex includes genes encoding the classical transplantation antigens (HLA-A, -B, -C), at least three nonclassical class I genes (HLA-E, -F, and -G), and many class I pseudogenes (including HLA-7.5p). We have used probes from DNA within or flanking the HLA -A, -F, -G, and -7.5p genes to construct a(More)
Several features of HLA-G's sequence and expression pattern distinguish HLA-G from its classical counterparts. These features, including HLA-G's limited polymorphism and its expression at the maternal-fetal interface, have been used as a basis for suggesting a distinct functional role for this nonclassical class I HLA molecule. On the other hand, published(More)
Humoral and cellular responses were examined among natives and migrants in an area of the Amazon region of Brazil. Rhoptry-associated protein-1 (RAP-1) and RAP-2 expressed in Escherichia coli expression systems, a peptide corresponding to the epitope bound by inhibitory anti-RAP-1 antibodies, and four other RAP-1 and RAP-2 synthetic peptides were used in(More)
The crystal structures of the I domains of integrins MAC-1 (alphaM beta2; CD11b/CD18) and LFA-1 (alphaL beta2; CD11a/CD18) show that a single conserved cation-binding site is present in each protein. Purified recombinant I domains have intrinsic ligand binding activity, and in several systems this interaction has been demonstrated to be cation-dependent. It(More)