Charles M Fogle

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Methylphenidate (MP, Ritalin) is a psychotropic drug widely prescribed to children for treating the symptoms of attention deficit disorder with and without hyperactivity. Because little information exists about the effects of chronic MP administration on cognitive function in children, measures of behavior changes in non-human primates are important(More)
Deficits in temporal processing are implicated in Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) for which the most common rodent model is the Spontaneously Hypertensive Rat (SHR). To assess strain differences in temporal processing, males and females of the SHR, Wistar-Kyoto (WKY), and Sprague-Dawley (SD) strains were compared on two timing tasks: one(More)
The present experiment assessed nicotine's effects on complex cognitive processes using a variety of operant tasks in rats, including incremental repeated acquisition (IRA) to assess learning; conditioned position responding (CPR) to assess auditory, visual, and position discrimination; progressive ratio (PR) to assess motivation; temporal response(More)
Methylphenidate and D-amphetamine are central nervous system stimulants that have been suggested to share certain behavioral and neurochemical effects. The current study was undertaken to determine whether methylphenidate and D-amphetamine have similar effects on the performance of a battery of complex operant tasks in rats. Thus, the effects of amphetamine(More)
Previous evidence suggests that different timing tasks are differentially sensitive to pharmacological manipulation, especially when different values for the temporal parameters are used. The present series of experiments compared the effects of physostigmine, caffeine, pentobarbital, morphine, and naloxone on the performance of a differential reinforcement(More)
The National Center for Toxicological Research (NCTR) Operant Test Battery (OTB) has been used extensively in rhesus monkeys to characterize the effects of drugs and toxicants on the performance of tasks designed to model several cognitive functions. Recently, the majority of the OTB tasks have been adapted for use in rats. The current study is the first to(More)
Propofol is a widely used general anesthetic. A growing body of data suggests that perinatal exposure to general anesthetics can result in long-term deleterious effects on brain function. In the developing brain there is evidence that general anesthetics can cause cell death, synaptic remodeling, and altered brain cell morphology. Acetyl-L-carnitine (L-Ca),(More)
To determine pharmacokinetic parameters for cocaine in rhesus monkey plasma, samples were taken over several hours after i.m. administration of cocaine plus a tritiated cocaine tracer. Cocaine and its metabolites, benzoylecgonine and norcocaine, were isolated via HPLC and quantitated using liquid scintillation spectrometry. Pregnant subjects were dosed with(More)
The present experiment examined the effects of chronic exposure to either 0.1 or 1.0 mg/kg MK-801 [a selective N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor antagonist] or 20.0 or 50.0 mg/kg remacemide (an NMDA receptor antagonist which also blocks fast sodium channels) in juvenile rhesus monkeys. Endpoints were monitored to provide a general index of subjects'(More)
Ibogaine (IBO) is a psychoactive indole alkaloid that has antiaddictive properties. However, treatment with IBO may lead to neurotoxicity, since IBO and its metabolites interact persistently with many neurotransmitter systems. Here, we recorded cortical electroencephalogram (EEG) signals from rats anesthetized with isoflurane. The heart rate (HR) was(More)