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Migration on sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE) that does not correlate with formula molecular weights, termed "gel shifting," appears to be common for membrane proteins but has yet to be conclusively explained. In the present work, we investigate the anomalous gel mobility of helical membrane proteins using a library of(More)
The frequent occurrence of beta-sheet promoting residues such as Ile, Val, and Thr in the alpha-helical transmembrane segments of most integral membrane proteins suggests that the helical propensities of these residues are altered in the hydrophobic environment of the lipid bilayer. Systematic studies of model peptides by circular dichroism models(More)
An inherent dilemma in the study of the structural biology of membrane proteins is that it is often necessary to use detergents to mimic the native lipid bilayer environment. This situation is of particular interest because the generation of high-resolution structures (through X-ray crystallography and solution NMR) has overwhelmingly relied upon(More)
Cationic antimicrobial peptides (CAPs) occur as important innate immunity agents in many organisms, including humans, and offer a viable alternative to conventional antibiotics, as they physically disrupt the bacterial membranes, leading to membrane lysis and eventually cell death. In this work, we studied the biophysical and microbiological characteristics(More)
Activin receptor-like kinase-1 (ALK-1), the gene mutated in HHT type 2 (HHT2), is a serine/threonine kinase receptor type I of the TGF-beta superfamily, specifically expressed on endothelial cells. We established an HHT2 genotype in 16 families and report nine novel mutations. These include insertions and deletions of single base pairs in exons 3, 8 and 9,(More)
Myelin basic protein (MBP) isolated from bovine white matter is obtained as a mixture of molecules which can be separated by cation-exchange chromatography at basic pH into three or more charge isomers. The three principal charge isomers of the microheterogeneous myelin basic protein have been isolated, and compared individually by high-resolution H NMR(More)
Mutations in ClC-5 (chloride channel 5), a member of the ClC family of chloride ion channels and antiporters, have been linked to Dent's disease, a renal disease associated with proteinuria. Several of the disease-causing mutations are premature stop mutations which lead to truncation of the C-terminus, pointing to the functional significance of this(More)
Transfer of an aqueous-soluble peptide hormone or neurotransmitter such as [Met]- or [Leu]enkephalin (Tyr1-Gly2-Gly3-Phe4-Met5(Leu5)), to the lipid-rich environment of its membrane-embedded receptor protein may convert the peptide into a ("bioactive") conformation required for eliciting biological activity. We have examined by high-resolution nuclear(More)
Although the chains of amino acids in proteins that span the membrane are demonstrably helical and hydrophobic, little attention has been paid toward addressing the range of helical propensities of individual amino acids in the non-polar environment of membranes. Because it is inappropriate to apply soluble protein-based structure prediction algorithms to(More)
In the course of their biological function, peptide hormones must be transferred from an aqueous phase to the lipid-rich environment of their membrane-bound receptor proteins. We have investigated the possible influence of phospholipids in this process, using 360-MHz 1H and 90-MHz 13C NMR spectroscopy to examine the association of the opioid peptides [Met]-(More)