Charles M. Deber

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Migration on sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE) that does not correlate with formula molecular weights, termed "gel shifting," appears to be common for membrane proteins but has yet to be conclusively explained. In the present work, we investigate the anomalous gel mobility of helical membrane proteins using a library of(More)
Novel cationic antimicrobial peptides typified by structures such as KKKKKKAAXAAWAAXAA-NH2, where X = Phe/Trp, and several of their analogues display high activity against a variety of bacteria but exhibit no hemolytic activity even at high dose levels in mammalian erythrocytes. To elucidate their mechanism of action and source of selectivity for bacterial(More)
Although the chains of amino acids in proteins that span the membrane are demonstrably helical and hydrophobic, little attention has been paid toward addressing the range of helical propensities of individual amino acids in the non-polar environment of membranes. Because it is inappropriate to apply soluble protein-based structure prediction algorithms to(More)
The distribution of amino acids in the transmembrane segments and flanking regions of 115 human type I single span (amino terminus extracellular and carboxyl terminus cytosolic) plasma membrane proteins was found to be non-random. In this sample, Ile was preferentially localized to the amino-terminal region of the hydrophobic transmembrane segments,(More)
The frequent occurrence of beta-sheet promoting residues such as Ile, Val, and Thr in the alpha-helical transmembrane segments of most integral membrane proteins suggests that the helical propensities of these residues are altered in the hydrophobic environment of the lipid bilayer. Systematic studies of model peptides by circular dichroism models(More)
A gas chromatographic/mass spectrometric (GG/MS) procedure for the determination of methylphenidate in 1 mL of serum or plasma is reported employing ethylphenidate as internal standard. A 50/50 (V/V) mixture of benzene and hexane is used to extract the methylphenidate and ethylphenidate from plasma. After evaporation of solvent the residue is redissolved in(More)
The MICs of cationic, hydrophobic peptides of the prototypic sequence KKAAAXAAAAAXAAWAAXAAAKKKK-amide (where X is one of the 20 commonly occurring amino acids) are in a low micromolar range for a panel of gram-negative and gram-positive bacteria, with no or low hemolytic activity against human and rabbit erythrocytes. The peptides are active only when the(More)
Bacterial exopolysaccharides provide protection against phagocytosis, opsonization, and dehydration and act as a major structural component of the extracellular matrix in biofilms. They contribute to biofilm-related resistance by acting as a diffusion barrier to positively charged antimicrobial agents including cationic antimicrobial peptides (CAPs). We(More)
In the course of their biological function, peptide hormones must be transferred from an aqueous phase to the lipid-rich environment of their membrane-bound receptor proteins. We have investigated the possible influence of phospholipids in this process, using 360-MHz 1H and 90-MHz 13C NMR spectroscopy to examine the association of the opioid peptides [Met]-(More)
Activin receptor-like kinase-1 (ALK-1), the gene mutated in HHT type 2 (HHT2), is a serine/threonine kinase receptor type I of the TGF-beta superfamily, specifically expressed on endothelial cells. We established an HHT2 genotype in 16 families and report nine novel mutations. These include insertions and deletions of single base pairs in exons 3, 8 and 9,(More)